In June 2009 Madonna Lou Ciccone –the world’s most profitable singer — put Malawi — which had never ever acquired mention in the entire world push in recent years — on the world map when she traveled to the African Republic , which is a bit greater than the point out of Ohio, and adopted a female. And what do you know about this African nation?
II. Welcome to the Land of Hippopotamuses
Malawi is a magical heavenly nation, great for those people who value a organic way of living. This African place, with more than 36% of its land even now protected by tropical forests, has various countrywide parks. Malawi’s wildlife refuges are household to antelopes, hyrax, elephants, zebras, giraffes, crocodiles, rhinoceros, lions, cheetahs, hippotamuses, and other animals.
The Lake Malawi National Park has a person of Africa’s most stunning landscapes. This lake has an location of 11,150km2 — it is nearly 9 situations larger sized than Rhode Island — with comprehensive indigenous vegetation and wild animals this sort of as hippos. Due to the fact 1970s this region has been a aim for an vital tourism industry. Quite a few overseas holidaymakers traveled to the lake Nyasa — also recognised as Malawi — and other purely natural sanctuaries each individual year to see and photograph the hippopotamuses that reside there. This lake , a single of the world’s 10 most significant lakes, has been compared to the Galapagos islands (Ecuador, South The usa) for its wildlife. It has more wildlife than any other lake in the world. The Malawi Lake, for example, has one particular of the world’s optimum densities of fishes ( 500 distinct types of fishes, almost all endemic ). This space is also a refuge for these types of birds as kingfishers, cormorants, and fish eagles. The Lake Malawi National Park was declared All-natural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO in the calendar year 1984.
The Chongoni Rock-Artwork Spot is another renowned tourist attraction.
III. A Short History of Malawi
Landlocked Malawi, previous Nyasaland, has been an impartial nation due to the fact the latter 50 % of the 20th century. In the past century, it experienced been controlled by the United Kingdom. In this period of time, the British tremendously influenced equally the inexpensive and everyday living of the state. Like quite a few former British colonies, it is a member of the Commonwealth. Malawi has invested a lot of of its submit-independence many years below dictatorial rule.
From 1964 to 1994, Malawi was ruled by dictator Hastings Kamuzu Banda, who recognized a single of Africa’s worst kleptocracies. At the domestic amount he also experienced pursued a scorched-earth coverage from Asians and other minorities. Through his iron-fisted rule of Malawi, he had close ties with the white-ruled South Africa, a pariah state in the international community. SA was criticized for the reason that of its government’s racist guidelines. In this time period, Malawi’s dictator Kamuzu Banda produced the environment headlines when he arrived in Pretoria to confer with South African leaders. Kamuzu Banda became the initially and only African head of point out to traveled to the region of apartheid. This go to did not have parallel in the diplomatic earth.
Shortly thereafter, the South African authorities despatched cost-effective help to Malawi, 1 of the least-formulated countries on the African continent. Unquestionably Pretoria experienced performed a top purpose in the country’s economic system.
Without the need of a Doubt, Kamuzu Banda was a single of the world’s most hated leaders. But to deflect worldwide impression, which experienced condemned his coverage towards South Africa, the countrywide federal government boycotted the 1976 Olympic Game titles in Montreal, Canada.
At the similar time, Kamuzu Banda aligned his state with the anti-Communist movement in Africa, together with Egypt, Cote d’Ivoire, Kenya and Zaire ( existing-working day the Democratic Republic of the Congo ). In this context, he proven entire diplomatic relations with Taiwan, a country which is not acknowledged by the United Nations. On August 4, 1967 President Kamuzu Banda went to Taipei for an formal pay a visit to. For the duration of the Cold War, Malawi was an ally of Taiwan. On the other hand, the Supreme Pontiff John Paul II went to Lilongwe , Malawi’s cash, for an official visit in 1989.
The dictatorship came to an close right after 30 years and Malawi turned a new democratic place. On May possibly 17, 1994 Malawi held its 1st multiparty presidential election and Bakili Muluzu grew to become head of point out. This landlocked place is a single of the few democracies in the African area. In 2004 Bingu wa Mutharika won the 2nd free of charge elections. In 2008 he — country’s 2nd article-Cold War president — granted diplomatic recognition to the People’s Republic of China against the opposition of Taipei.
This landlocked place is 1 of Africa’s most tranquil nations. In contrast to most of its neighbors, Malawi has never ever had civil wars or coup d’etats. Malawi is haven for refugees from Mozambique, Zimbabwe and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
IV. Human Progress
With a population of around 9,000,000 and an place of 45,700 square miles — it is approximately 3 times larger sized than Switzerland — Malawi is positioned in southeast Africa. It is one particular of the most densely populated sections on the African continent. Lilongwe is the money town.
The Chewa make up Malawi’s biggest ethnic team. They dominance around Nyanja, Lomwe, Bantu and other minorities.
Not like substantially of Africa the nation is not blessed with mineral resources. But this nation is endowed with exceptionally fertile soil. Malawi’s financial state is dependent chiefly on agriculture.
The former dictatorship has devastated the overall economy and turned Malawi into an impoverished nation. This nation is one of the world’s eighteen poorest nations. Considering that getting an unbiased state in 1964, it has had trouble in fixing its human progress ( education and learning, employment, general public wellness, nutrition ). In 2008 Malawi rated 162 of 179 nations on the United Nations Human Enhancement Index, in advance of Ethiopia, Liberia and Sierra Leone. The Environment Overall health Organization ( OMS ) claims lifetime expectancy is 35 for gals and 36 for adult males — one of the most affordable in the 3rd Planet. According to UN and other worldwide companies, additional than 10% of the adult inhabitants has HIV/AIDS. It had just one of Africa’s greatest price of an infection in the previous ten years.
V. Sports activities
Soccer is the nationwide activity in the place, but Malawi has under no circumstances qualified for the FIFA Entire world Cup. Nonetheless, the countrywide crew gained a bronze medal at the African Game titles in Nairobi, Kenya — the greatest consequence that Malawi has at any time experienced. Regretably, it however has not manufactured world-course athletes or African title-holders. In Beijing 2008, Malawi had been improperly represented by 4 athletes ( Chauncy Learn, Lucia Chandamale, Charlton Nyirenda, Zahra Pinto ). It was Malawi’s 8 participation in the Summer months Olympics — Munich 1972, Los Angeles 1984, Seoul 1988, Barcelona 1992, Atlanta 1996, Australia 2000, Greece 2004, China 2008.