The Buddha was born a Hindu prince in Bihar in the 5/6 century BC. As for every mythology he attained Nirvana at a area around Gaya in Bihar. This area is named Bodh-Gaya and is approximately 15 kilometers from Gaya. It is the most important pilgrimage heart in India for Buddhists, as this is the location wherever the Buddha attained enlightenment.
Bodh-Gaya is a element of the metropolis of Gaya. This position is made up of the banyan tree below which the Buddha mediated and attained enlightenment (Bodh). The banyan tree under which the Buddha observed penance and mediated is regarded as the Bodhi tree.The fame of Bodh-Gaya has now spread all about the entire world and Buddhists from Burma, China, Tibet, Japan, South East Asia and Ceylon pay a visit to this area.
It is the holiest put for Buddhists and hundreds appear to spend their respects to the Buddha. Bodh-Gaya has a quantity of Buddhist temples. The most significant temple is the Mahabodhi temple. This temple commemorates the position exactly where the Buddha undertook penance and obtained nirvana. It is the holiest shrine in Buddhism and in some means can be regarded as the Mecca of Buddhism.
The temple is a huge sprawling temple with a high spire. Its partitions are embellished with carvings which depict the life of Buddha and the well known incidents in his lifetime. In the heart of the temple the sanctum sanctorum is a gorgeous idol of Buddha in a meditating pose. Devotees from all around the entire world worship at this shrine. Near to the temple is a museum which homes bronze and gold statues of Buddha from ages.
Bodh -Gaya properties some far more temples. One more well-known temple is the shrine of Animesh Lochan Chaitya. This shrine commemorates the put wherever the Bodhi tree was viewed by Buddha. There is a third Buddhist temple Chankraman also at Bodh-Gaya. This shrine is located at the spot wherever the Buddha paced up and down when he was in a condition of indecision as to what step to get right after he experienced attained nirvana.
Bodh -Gaya also is residence to the famed Bodhi tree which is found on the banking institutions of the river Neeraj Jana. Bodh Gaya has a heritage of 2600 years and quite a few instances it was razed by Muslim conquerors. For generations the position was uncared and in bad ailment as Buddhism had spread to other lands, but became extinct in India. But in the 20th century the position has been renovated and Buddhist shrines restored and new temples made. The Mahabodhi temple is identified as a entire world heritage web site in the record issued by UNESCO on 26 June 2002.
The heritage of Bodh-Gaya is properly documented and 1 of the foremost accounts is by two Chinese pilgrims Faxian and Xuanzang in the 5th and 7th century Ad.
Gaya can be quickly achieved from Calcutta by right away train. 1 can fly down from Calcutta or Delhi to Patna which is the nearest airport and consider a taxi or bus to Gaya 78 miles away.