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What Is Umrah In Islam ?, Umrah is one of the spiritual journeys to get closer to Allah, which etymologically means to visit, while in terminology, as stated by Sheikh Zakariya al-Ansari (died 926 H) in the book Asnal Mathalib fi Syarhi Raudlatit Talib, it is intentional to visit Kaaba for the purpose of performing Umrah.
What Is Umrah In Islam does have the meaning of visiting, but visiting in this context is not an ordinary visit as usual. Because, in that momentum, people who worship Umrah have the opportunity to visit the place where the Prophet was born. Pray in a place that is used as a place for prayer by the noblest messenger, and can eat, drink, and walk in a place where he usually eats, drinks and walks. Thus, Umrah is a series of worship that is highly glorified by Allah. Therefore, it is not surprising that many Muslims flock to the Kaaba in order to perform Umrah.
The postulates of Umrah
Discussing the arguments for What Is Umrah In Islam, we will find a lot of them, both in the Qur’an, hadith, and the opinions of scholars on a consensus to personal basis.
1. Surah al-Baqarah  : 158
It means, “Indeed Safa and Marwah are part of the symbols (religion) of Allah. So whoever performs the pilgrimage to the Temple or performs umrah, there is no sin for him to do sa’i between the two. And whoever with a willing heart does good, then Allah is Most Gracious, All Knowing.”
2. Surah Al-Baqarah  : 196
It means, “Perfect Hajj and Umrah for the sake of Allah.”
While the arguments for What Is Umrah In Islam according to the hadith of the Prophet are as follows:
1. HR Anas bin Malik
It means, “Umrah is obligatory, just like Hajj is obligatory, namely for people who can afford to travel there.”
2. HR Muslim
It means, “From one Umrah to another (next) Umrah becomes an expiation of sins between the two. And Hajj Mabrur there is no reward for him except heaven.”
From some of the quotes above, we can understand that Umrah is very important for all Muslims to do, even the law is considered the same as the pilgrimage. So, what is the actual law regarding Umrah according to the scholars of the four schools of thought? Check out the following explanation:
The Obligation of What Is Umrah In Islam According to the 4 Mazhab.
Law performing Umrah still reaps differences of opinion according to the scholars of the four schools of thought. Some say it is obligatory, some say it is not obligatory, and some say it is sunnah.
Some of these opinions as conveyed by Imam Nawawi :
It means, “Scholars differ on the obligation of Umrah. One opinion says it is obligatory, another opinion says it is sunnah, and the scholars of the Shafi’i school have two opinions, but the most valid one is the obligatory umrah. And it has been agreed that Hajj and Umrah are not obligatory in human life except once.” (Imam Nawawi, Syarhun Nawawi ‘alal Muslim, [Beirut, Darul Ihya’ at-Turats: 1392], juz VIII, page 72).
From some of the opinions above, it can be concluded that the obligation of What Is Umrah In Islam is still getting a different response from some scholars, it’s just that as Indonesian citizens who majority follow the Shafi’i school, Umrah is obligatory if you follow a more valid opinion. If explored more deeply, there is one narration of at-Tirmidhi from a friend of Jabir, who firmly says that Umrah is not obligatory. This narration comes from one of the companions who asked the Messenger of Allah about the obligation of Umrah, namely:
Meaning, “The Prophet Muhammad was asked about Umrah, is it obligatory? The Messenger of Allah replied, ‘No, but if you perform Umrah, it is better for you.’” (HR at-Tirmidhi).
Sheikh Ahmad Khatib ash-Syarbini (died 977 H) in one of his books quoted several opinions of the scholars of hadith experts, and they agreed that the above hadith is a daif hadith, even Imam Ibn Hazm considers it a false hadith. In addition to the weak quality of the hadith, what is meant by not mandatory in the above context also has a very general meaning. In other words, What Is Umrah In Islam may not be obligatory for people who can’t afford it like Hajj, and it can also be for people who ask it, as already mentioned:
It means, “Indeed, what is meant by “not obligatory” (in the above hadith) is directed at the person who asks, because he is unable to carry it out.” (Asy-Syarbini, Mughnil Muhtaj ila Ma’rifati Ma’ani Alfadzil Minhaj, [Beirut, Darul Fikr: tt), juz I, page 460) This is an explanation of What Is Umrah In Islam, starting from its arguments to the obligation of What Is Umrah In Islam. I Hope be useful.