26/06/2024

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Does Allah Order Female Genital Mutilation?

Does Allah Order Female Genital Mutilation?

Woman Genital Mutilation (FGM) is definitively prime of the record for currently being the worst type of evil exercised from females to day. In the program of my research relating to this situation, the conditions that I have come across have still left me surprised and sick to the tummy. No other variety of degradation fairly in comparison to FGM. What I also locate troubling is how the apply is linked / attributed with Islam / Islamic practice, and particularly so by the likes of Christopher Hitchens and Ayaan Ali Hersi.

How could it be that God could purchase (or via Islamic educating motivate) such an unjust act? To start with, it is critical to observe that the simplistic label of FGM fails to differentiate between the unique varieties of reducing. Not all varieties of this apply are equal in method and do not result in this kind of horrific implications, which can then be labelled as mutilation. A a lot more correct time period therefore would possibly be female circumcision. Just take for instance Labiaplasty which has develop into very preferred in the West. This process is just a person of an limitless record of system enhancement options available to females. That is, together with breast enlargement, buttock augmentation and toe surgical procedure (certainly, even toes have not been spared from the demanding procedures essential to attain ‘perfection’). What is Labiaplasty? Beauty Labiaplasty (labia minora reduction surgical treatment) includes surgically reducing and/or reshaping the woman external genital constructions (genital lips). There are several explanations why an expanding range of gals are requesting this treatment. For quite a few females they just want to enhance or improve visual appearance of “butterfly” or asymmetrical labia. ‘Feeling very good about how you look often builds self-self-assurance and self-esteem’ suggests 1 plastic operation web site.

It is vital to notice that feminine circumcision is not a phenomena limited to Muslim communities, nor is it limited, more normally, to any ethnic, religious or socioeconomic courses in modern society. Woman circumcision has been practiced for generations inside numerous historic cultures. For example Egyptian mummies had been observed to have been circumcised as much back again as 200 BC. Apparently, and fewer properly identified, a kind of woman circumcision was promoted amongst teenage girls in Britain and the United States in the course of the 19th and early 20th generations. It was viewed as a remedy for lesbian practices or suspected masturbation, hysteria, epilepsy, and nervousness. At present, the follow is most common in African countries these as Nigeria, Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, Egypt, Ghana and also in elements of the Middle East. With regard to spiritual adherence, the exercise is carried out not only by Muslims but, followers of various religions these types of as Christians (Catholics, Protestants and Copts) and Animists.

“The Quran makes no references to any form of FGM or lesser strategies.”

There are a few major kinds of FGM. To begin with, the removing of the suggestion of the clitoris. Secondly, complete elimination of the clitoris and encompassing labia. Thirdly, the most severe form, where all external genitalia are removed and the vaginal opening is stitched just about shut: only a compact opening is left for urine and menstrual blood.

Is this an Islamic practice? The response is a definitive no. It is much more so a cultural follow. It is simply just the situation that actions that are performed for purely cultural motives, more than time, obtain an Islamic justification: FGM is no distinctive. In Islam an act will only be deemed Islamic if it has a basis in the Quran, the divine terms of Allah-SWT) and the Sunnah, comprised of hadith which are the deeds, terms, or statements of acceptance of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Like any other challenge requiring a crystal clear Islamic verdict, it is important to refer to these elementary resources to build no matter if there is any proof substantiating acceptance for the apply of FGM. The traditions (sunnah) of the Prophet (PBUH), which are perfectly documented must suggest regardless of whether or not there are any genuine or relevant traditions that can be utilized to help the follow.

The Quran makes no references to any sort of FGM or lesser processes. There are also no implicit orders form the Sunnah to help such a follow. There are, nonetheless, narrations mentioning feminine circumcision. These narrations are regarded as weak (associated to the weak nature of their transmission rendering it missing in juristic benefit). People who argue FGM/C has an Islamic basis normally do so on the basis that that the next hadith establishes it as element of the Sunnah or Tradition of the Prophet:

‘Um Atiyyat al-Ansariyyah: A woman used to carry out circumcision in Medina. The Prophet (pbuh) mentioned to her: “O Umm `Atiyyah! Trim, but do not cut into it, for this is brighter for the confront (of the lady) and a lot more favorable with the spouse.”

On initially impressions it could look as if this apply was ordered/encouraged by the Prophet. On the other hand the Prophet Muhammad encountered a woman who was likely to commence with the circumcision in any case, all he did was suggest that she take out a smaller sized total of genitalia than she had at first supposed, and in performing so stay clear of abnormal actions. There is no order in this article to perform any variety of feminine circumcision- that is, as opposed to male circumcision, in which a immediate request to do so is specific in other narrations/Quranic texts.

In a Hadith narrated by Abu Hureira (RA), the Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) claimed, “any time a male turns into a Muslim he ought to be circumcised.”

Even if just one ended up to argue that trimming is of Islamic price because it is outlined in the hadith, it does not essentially stick to that Islam lets what is thought of to be FGM. Generating the soar from this to the abhorrent observe of FGM is way too substantial a leap. The most a person can potentially infer from this hadith is trimming, which is commonly referred to as Labiaplasty in the West (and not reducing into it which is associated in FGM).

“One commonality persists they are grounded mainly in ignorance and superstition.”

So if Islam isn’t going to reputable this observe what are the explanations behind it being carried out? A research in Nigeria by the Globe Health and fitness Organisation discovered that females within the Igbos tribe believe that FGM makes them more female and thus far more desirable to adult males. The organisation’s social review in other African communities proven that the follow is considered to elevate the social status of family members and generates earnings when the daughters get married and the dowry is paid out. Behind the illusion of ‘Islamic practice’ we plainly see the overpowering element for its justification is cultural impact and traditions, social acceptance in just the local community, guaranteeing chastity and fidelity by attenuating sexual drive. Good reasons may possibly range from tradition to society but one commonality persists they are grounded mainly in ignorance and superstition.

Proponents of the exercise argue that if a woman’s genitalia is not cut she will be sexually uncontrollable and sexually overactive, so slicing makes certain that women keep on being chaste. In some cultures, the exercise is considered to boost like as women are taught how to satisfy a man sexually (enhances a woman’s sexuality) and other matrimonial rituals that ‘cement’ a marriage. It is also a way a female can accomplish recognition and financial stability by marriage and child bearing. FGM is also usually a prerequisite for qualifying for wifehood. The apply therefore accords a girl economic and social defense. In addition, FGM is also believed to enhance a woman’s sexuality as it brings about “dry sexual intercourse,” which supplies extra pleasurable sexual intercourse to gentlemen. This dryness is accomplished by applying particular herbs and components that cut down vaginal fluids and enhance friction in the course of intercourse, which is attained by applying the fourth form (unclassified) of FGM. Men are understood to enjoy dry sex and if a girl is damp, they feel it is not ordinary.

If a apply is not Islamic and simply just permissible (mubah) it may possibly or might not be carried out- stays the choice of the particular person. If it is forbidden i.e. Haram, which we can substantiate by means of the Quran and the Sunnah, then we can conclude inductively that FGM is prohibited. FGM may possibly lead to a lot of bodily complications, which include hemorrhage and critical suffering, which can cause shock and even death. Long-term complications ensuing from interference with the drainage of urine and menstrual blood can result like infertility, persistent urinary tract infections or kidney injury. Kidney harm is triggered by recurrent urinary tract infection, which will cause bladder and ureters bacterial infections. Bacterial infections can unfold to the pelvic girdle, triggering continual uterus, fallopian tube and ovary infections. FGM raises problems affiliated with childbirth. Intense sorts of mutilation induce partial or whole occlusion of the vaginal opening, labour may be extended or obstructed this can induce direct to stillbirth and maternal death.

The Quran states in surah 2 verse 195 “…do not contribute to your destruction with your very own arms…” This verse is recognized usually to outlaw suicide and other sorts of self harm. Some jurists use this verse to argue that using tobacco is prohibited since it harms the overall body. FGM is far in comparison.

Also, Prophet Moahmmed(pbuh) said: “There shall be no inflicting of hurt on oneself’.

Also, It can be argued that this observe is prohibited due to the fact mutilated genitalia minimizes/removes a woman’s satisfaction all through sex. It is perfectly recognized in the Islamic tradition that men are not allowed to complete owning sex till a women of all ages is glad. So how can an act which interferes with this approach be authorized if it gets rid of a women’s sexual pleasure?

In mild of the earlier mentioned it would seem a gross error to link FGM with Islam/Islamic observe. There are in simple fact very good causes to argue female circumcision (Labiaplasty) is not valued in Islam. FGM, in my see, amounts to a reflection of deep-rooted inequality amongst the sexes, and constitutes an severe variety of discrimination from gals. It is a exercise that violates a woman’s rights to wellbeing, protection and physical integrity. These kinds of an act is akin to the cruel and evil pre-Islamic apply towards women of burying their daughter alive. Prophet Mohammed vehemently opposed and attacked this practice. Just as burying the daughter alive was axiomatic to the pre -Islamic culture and the Prophet attacked this so should the evil cultural exercise of FGM be condemned and fought against these days.

Taken from: http://www.adamdeen.com/posts/english/english-muslims-concerns/30-english-muslims-issues/93-does-allah-purchase-feminine-genital-mutilation-