BBC - History - William III (of Orange)

In the event, William won the battle losing 400 men to James' 1,300. James immediately left for Dublin and subsequently fled to France. William's victory was celebrated right across Europe as it represented a defeat by the Grand Alliance over France. James' viceroy remained and led the remains of James' army to Limerick and Athlone. He managed to inflict several defeats on William's army, and William failed to take Limerick despite sieging it. William returned to England leaving his general Ginkel in charge. Ginkel offered the Jacobites (supporters of James) a peace settlement, but they refused and decided to fight on under the leadership of the Marquis St Ruth. On 12 July, 1691 the two armies met at Aughrim, near Athlone. Ginkel decided to attack despite being in an inferior strategic position. However, he won and St Ruth was killed and the Jacobites retreated in disarray to Limerick. On 26 September 1691, the Jacobites finally surrendered and a peace treaty was signed in October 1691. This was the Treaty of Limerick which permitted Catholics to retain the right to practice their religion, but forfeit their land. Most of the Jacobite soldiers were allowed free passage to go to France to fight for Louis, and were known as the 'Wild Geese'.

The Battle of the Boyne was fought in Ireland between William of Orange and James II in July 1690.

Despite his army retreating in good order, James quickly abandoned them and returned to exile in France. William marched into Dublin and finally secured his reconquest of Ireland with the Treaty of Limerick in 1691.


A history of William III (of Orange), married to Mary II

Photo: William of Orange at the Battle of the Boyne, painted by Jan Wyck (National Trust Images)

King William sailed from Duncannon on 5th September, and landed at Bristol next day. The campaigns in Ireland were concluded by his generals the following year, at the capitulation of Limerick. It was not willingly that William assented to the infraction of that treaty, to the degradation of the whole Catholic population of Ireland, to the penal laws, and to the destruction of Irish manufactures and commerce for the supposed interest of England. Under King James's Irish Act of Attainder the property of 2,500 of his enemies had been confiscated. The forfeitures made by the English Parliament in Ireland at the conclusion of the war numbered some 3,921, comprising 1,060,792 acres, the value of which at that time was £3,319,943. Lord Clare, in his celebrated speech on the Union, said this was the third extensive seizure of Irish estates within the century — 2,836,837 acres under James I.'s Ulster Plantation; 7,800,000 set out by the Court of Claims after the Restoration; 1,060,792 after the treaty of Limerick. William died at Kensington, 8th March 1702, aged 51. The equestrian statue standing in College-green, Dublin, was completed the year before his death.


William Owen Chambers - Barristers At Law, Orange NSW

The Battle of the Boyne was fought in Ireland between William of Orange and James II in July 1690.
It was the last time two crowned kings of England, Scotland and Ireland faced each other on the battlefield.
William of Orange won a crushing victory, which secured the Protestant ascendancy in Ireland for generations. It retains huge symbolic importance in Northern Ireland, where it is celebrated by the Orange Order every 12 July.

Photo: William of Orange at the Battle of the Boyne, painted by Jan Wyck (National Trust Images)

SUNY Orange: Office of the President

The defeated James II flees the Battle of the Boyne and the forces of William III. Dr. Padraig Lenihan of the National University of Ireland sums up the battle's aftermath.

Orange County, California - OC Parks

William of Orange is alarmed when James II's wife gives birth to a Catholic heir. William’s wife Mary (James's daughter) is no longer next in line to the English throne.

February 5, 2018 OC Parks Initiates Firewood Policy

William was born on 4 November 1650 in The Hague. It was not an auspicious entry into the world. His father, William II of Orange, had just died of smallpox and his English mother, Mary, had her bedchamber swathed in black to mourn him. Mary’s father and William’s grandfather, , had been brutally beheaded in London only the previous year. Mary in turn died of smallpox when William was 10 years old. .

William F. Laman Public Library - Contact Laman Library

William III dies on 8 March 1702 following a riding accident at Hampton Court Palace. Historian Maureen Waller looks back at the final years of William and Mary.