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Suppose I created a file called"ls" that contains the following command:If I placed it in the "/tmp" directory, thenas soon as you typedall of your files would be deleted! If you must include the current directory in your searchpath, put itat the end:

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A: Amendments to the privacy regulations removed the requirement to obtain consent before using or disclosing for treatment purposes (please note, however, the Mental Hygiene Law still requires patient consent before disclosing information for treatment purposes in some circumstances; see question above). "Treatment" generally means the provision, coordination, or management of health care and related services among health care providers or by a health care provider with a third party, consultation between health care providers regarding a patient, or the referral of a patient from one health care provider to another. However, care must be taken in over-generalizing disclosures as "treatment disclosures." Unless another exception applies, some of the disclosure sources you cite (e.g. teachers), depending on the circumstances, may require patient authorizations. Please consult your own attorney or Privacy Official for specific guidance.


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If the program "myprogram" has no errors, the script echoes"The program worked." In other words, if the program "myprogram" exits with a status of zero, the"echo" program is executed.


Unfortunately, this puts UNIX novices in an awkwardsituation.

If you wanted to rename all files with the extension".old" to the extension".new," then useTo make a shell script called "compile" that did the same as the alias above (except the .c is not needed), useAn alias to do the same would beLastly, suppose you wanted to execute the following:There are several ways to do this.

Many people are given the C shell as their default shell.

You can use the in-line expansion:You can also use the"!#" value, combined with a way to get one word from the event, with avariable modifier:Of course that example is a bad one for several reasons.

They need help, but get criticized every time they ask a question.

How do privacy regulations apply when a covered entity sends psychiatric inpatient information to State operated mental health treatment facilities (e.g., Creedmoor), or other providers of mental health care? Currently, our patients do not give consent for release in these cases. Because these releases are being made for continuity of care (i.e., a treatment purpose), are patient authorizations required? (April 2003)

Expert: You shouldn't use the C shell.

A: Assuming that the covered entity disclosing the inpatient health information (or ) is an licensed mental health treatment provider, and the purpose of disclosure is treatment or care coordination, patient authorization is not required. Under , patient authorization is only required if is disclosed for a purpose other than treatment, payment or health care operations ( for short) or if certain other exceptions do not apply (e.g., for health oversight purposes, for law enforcement purposes, or if the use/disclosure is required by law.) Under the Mental Hygiene Law, patient consent is not required if the disclosure is being made to a facility licensed or operated by the Office of Mental Health, to a facility operating under standards developed by the Commissioner of , or to a provider that is included in a county's local or unified services plan (see Mental Hygiene Law Section 33.13(d)). Of course, your own attorney or Privacy Official should be consulted for specific advice.