His tests in Tenerifein the 1910s with chimpanzees suggested that these animals solved problemsby understanding - like human beings, they are capable of insight learning,the "aha!" solutions to problems.
In contrast, New Historicism views history skeptically (historical narrative is inherently subjective), but also more broadly; history includes all of the cultural, social, political, anthropological discourses at work in any given age, and these various "texts" are unranked - any text may yield information valuable in understanding a particular milieu.
SDT focuses on the degree to which an individual's behavior is self …
Hirsch who, in accord with Dilthey, felt a valid interpretation was possible by uncovering the work's authorial intent (though informed by historical and cultural determinants), and in contrast, that of Martin Heidegger (HIGH-deg-er) who argued that a reader must experience the "inner life" of a text in order to understand it at all.