The Township System:
In 1792, the British decided to open the unsurveyed parts of Quebec (Lower Canada) to settlement. The system of freehold land tenure in Britain and the United States would be employed in these areas, and would distinguish the Eastern Townships from much of the rest of Quebec. Instead of dividing the land into seigneuries granted to feudal lords, the British divided it into townships (10 miles by 10 miles) granted to "leaders." The leader would agree to have his township surveyed into lots of 200 acres, which he would grant in turn to settlers known as "associates."
Many of the Loyalists settled in the Sorel area, Eastern Townships, and some in the Chateauguay Valley areas, where an early attempt at a Crown grant scheme, instead of the Seigneurial system, was made.
Seigneurial system of New France - WikiVisually