Pragmatics is the study of how language is used and how the different uses of language determine semantics and syntax. Much of this book is about language pragmatics, about how humans use language to achieve their goals. You can begin by stating that language is a form of communication. Humans live and work in groups that require sound communications, sharing information, broadcasting warnings, forming and maintaining relationships. Sounds and gestures are the key ingredients of communication systems. In a following chapter Patterns of Language Use, I examine language pragmatics under several headings such as stories, gossip, myths, polite talk, humor, literature and news.
Infection Due to Indwelling Catheter
Infection due to an indwelling urinary catheter is assigned to code 996.64. As with all infections in the presence of a device, there must be a cause-and-effect relationship documented. If a patient is admitted with an indwelling catheter and is noted to have a urinary tract infection (UTI), the coder should not assume a link between the catheter and the UTI. The physician must clearly document the causal relationship before code 996.64 can be assigned. However, the physician should be queried regarding the cause of the UTI when a patient is admitted with both a UTI and a catheter (AHA Coding Clinic for ICD-9-CM, 2009, third quarter, pages 10-11).
The Relationship Between Body Mass Index, Treatment, …
The study of language is often divided into semantics, syntactics and pragmatics. Similar divisions appear in computer science where the construction and application of computer programs are investigated. The distinction between syntax (sentence form) and semantics (word and sentence meaning) is fundamental to the study of language. Syntax is the collection of rules that govern how words are assembled into meaningful sentences. While these are useful distinctions in the study of language, language use in the real world is fluid and always changing.