Many of them were mutilated horribly after being raped.

Thirty girls were taken from the language school [where she worked] last night, and today I have heard scores of heartbreaking stories of girls who were taken from their homes last night - one of the girls was but 12 years old...

Many of the Chinese considered the victims lucky if the Japanese killed them after they were raped.

This became one of the most influential photos to stir up anti-Japanese feeling in the , and is still used to show Japanese atrocities in relation to the Nanking Massacre.

Documents on the Rape of Nanking.

"Iris Chang Historian and author of 'The Rape of Nanking'." The Independent.

Beginning on December 13, 1937, Japan invaded China and “the mass execution of soldiers and the slaughtering and raping of tens of thousands of civilians took place in contravention of all rules of warfare” (The Rape)....

The Rape of Nanking - The Globe and Mail

In his presidential Farewell Address of 1796, George Washington presented a series of maxims to guide the construction of a wise foreign policy. He believed, as did generations of his adherents, that if the United States stayed true to the principles he discussed, the country would eventually attain national greatness and international respectability. These principles quickly became engrained in the DNA of what it meant to be an American in the first half of the nineteenth century, shaping the formation of U.S. foreign policy, politics, and political culture. The Declaration of Independence affirmed American ideals, the Constitution established American government, and the Farewell Address enabled Americans to understand their country and its place in the world. While the Declaration and Constitution have persisted as foundational documents, our appreciation for the Farewell Address has faded with time.

The rape of Nanking : the forgotten holocaust of World War II

In modern terms, it would be as if an orphanage suddenly began to take care of dead bodies. It would be very difficult to engage suddenly in this kind of vast burial work. Moreover, at the time of the capture of Nanking, the organization’s staff had previously escaped, and its activities had already ceased to exist.

Is the rape of Nanking what it seemed? Was it real? - …

The overall atmosphere of the Japanese military life created soldiers who followed orders, ignored personal feelings, and treated anyone beneath them with the same contempt that they experienced themselves.[10]

Economic conditions, a mixture of harsh discipline and indoctrinated disdain created the potential for the Nanking Massacre, but to release that potential required the fourth and most important factor: the circumstances leading up to the assault on Nanking.

The Rape of Nanking - The Daily Reckoning

China insists that the Japanese military massacred 300,000 people in Nanking. That number was based on burial records that the Kuomintang government submitted at the Tokyo Trial. However, a charitable organization named “Suzendo” did most of the burial work, and it kept a tight, accurate record of the bodies from the time of the capture of Nanking. Its records claimed a total of 112,000 burials.