When Cleon and Brasidas were killed in action during an Athenian attempt to recover Amphipolis, a treaty was signed: the (421). Athens had won the Archidamian War.
Meanwhile, the Spartans decided to move the war to the Hellespont and cut off the grain supply of Athens. Admiral Mindarus brought the Spartan fleet to the north, but was defeated by the Athenian admirals Thrasybulus and Thrasyllus. When the year 410 started, all Athenian commanders - Alcibiades, Theramenes, Thrasybulus, and Thrasyllus - were in the Hellespont, where they decisively defeated the Spartan navy near . Its admiral Mindarus was killed in action.
History of the Peloponnesian War [Thucydides, M
Even worse, he Spartan king Agis had built a fortress in Attica, at . The countryside was now constantly pillaged and the Athenians no longer had access to the silver mines of Laureion. Meanwhile, the Peloponnesian League dared to send a fleet to the Aegean Sea. The satraps Tissaphernes of Lydia and of offered money to Sparta, both hoping to achieve military support for the great king's aims in return.
Ancient Greece - Persian, Peloponnesian, Spartan, …
The next years witnessed a continuation of the war with diplomatic means. Athens and Sparta had concluded a defensive alliance, but on both sides, there were politicians who wanted to resume the war. The Spartans did not return Amphipolis, as they had promised, and the Athenians retaliated by keeping Sphacteria and Pylos.
Department of Theatre, Drama, and Contemporary …
When Sparta declared war, it announced that it wanted to liberate Greece from Athenian oppression. And with some justification, because Athens had converted the Delian League, which had once been meant as a defensive alliance against the , into an Athenian empire.
600 BCE - 600 CE Second-Wave Civilizations - Khan Academy
When Athens concluded an alliance with Corcyra (modern Corfu) in 433, and started to besiege Potidaea, it threatened the position of . also feared that Athens was becoming too powerful but tried to prevent war. Peace was possible, the Spartans said, when Athens would revoked against Sparta's ally Megara. The Athenian leader refused this, because Sparta and Athens had once agreed that conflicts would be solved by arbitration. If the Athenians would yield to Sparta's request, they would in fact be accepting Spartan orders. This was unacceptable, and war broke out: Athens and its were attacked by Sparta and its . Diodorus mentions that the Spartans did not just declare war, but decided to declare war ask for help in Persia.
Ancient Greece for Kids and Teachers - Mr. Donn's …
Again, Athens had no experienced commanders. In 405, Lysander was active in the Hellespont and defeated the Athenians at the . Their entire fleet was destroyed (). The war was over: only the capture of Athens remained. Three Spartan armies, commanded by king Agis, king Pausanias, and Lysander, started to besiege the city.
Just War Theory | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Our main source for the Peloponnesian War is the by the author . He is a great historian who sincerely tries to be objective, but his work must be read with caution, because - in spite of himself - he has his sympathies (e.g., for and ) and antipathies (e.g., and Theramenes). Modern scholars offer interpretations of the war that are different from Thucydides'.