Colonial and early national newspapers contain some actual accounts ofslave insurrections, of small-scale slave uprisings, and many rumors aboutthem. This report details plans for an unsuccessful 1822 slave rebellionled by Denmark Vesey, a free black man, around Charleston, South Carolina. Foiled in their efforts by slave informers, about thirty-five AfricanAmericans were captured and hanged. However, the report states that"enough has been disclosed to satisfy every reasonable mind, thatconsiderable numbers were involved." One informer noted that Vesey told ameeting of the rebel group they would seize the guard house and magazineto get arms. Then they would "rise up and fight against the whites forour liberties." Vesey then read from the Bible about the deliverance ofthe children of Israel from Egyptian bondage.
I will give a slight glance at the voyage from Port au Prince to New York, and relate the incidents connected with it as briefly as possible. We had a most miserable passage, head winds nearly all the way; indeed, they continued from our leaving Hayti until reaching a southern port in the United States of America, into which we were compelled to run on account of the weather. The wife of Mr. Judd accompanied me on my voyage, she being on a visit to the States, where her parents resided.
Slate Academy: The History of American Slavery
We arrived at Pernambuco, South America, early in the morning, and the vessel played about during the day, without coming to anchor. All that day we neither ate or drank anything, and we were given to understand that we were to remain perfectly silent, and not make any out-cry, otherwise our lives were in danger. But when "night threw her sable mantle on the earth and sea," the anchor dropped, and we were permitted to go on deck to be viewed and handled by our future masters, who had come aboard from the city. We landed a few miles from the city, at a farmer's house, which was used as a kind of slave market. The farmer had a great many slaves, and I had not been there very long before I saw him use the lash pretty freely on a boy, which made a deep impression on my mind, as of course I imagined that would be my fate ere long, and oh! too soon, alas! were my fears realized.