Sixteen mass media functions were categorized under six policy stages. Table 1 shows thetypology developed through this content analysis, listing the functions with their policy stage andgiving frequency, percentage, and major purpose.
In this new age of information, what effect does the media have on the conduct of diplomacy, and is this coverage beneficial or detrimental to American foreign policy?
How China Won the War Against Western Media – Foreign Policy
Of the 216 items analyzed in this study, all but six were related to policy making. Of the sixnot tied to policy making, three were letters pointing out errors in reporting or criticizing themedia about their handling of education stories, one described introductory speeches by politiciansat an educational conference, another described the Minister of Education's behavior in thelegislature, and the last was a profile of a new school superintendent.
To investigate the nature of current United States foreign policy, ..
Sometimes called the "fourth branch of government," the mass media serve a number of functionswithin the context of government policy making. As indicated by Fletcher and Taras (1984, p. 208),"politicians need publicity to promote themselves and their programs and reporters need informationand quotes for their stories." In addition, mass media coverage of policy meets a number of otherneeds (Fletcher & Taras, 1984, pp. 194, 208). It gives citizens the necessary information for"effective political participation" and provides a forum for "debate on public issues." It helpsgovernments circulate "vital information about public services--and governmentaccomplishments--while providing opportunities for opposition parties to criticize government andpropose alternative policies." Governments will also often use the press "to test public opinion byleaking proposals to a reporter who will value the "scoop."
The main objective of foreign policy is to ..
United States foreign policy has changed dramatically from George Washington's day. Although Americans always pay attention to the advice of their revered founder, the world is of course not the same. The many people that shape American foreign policy today accept the fact that the United States is a member of a world community that cannot afford to ignore the importance of getting along.
Foreign Policy in the Gulf War, Edited by W
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), one of the best-known agencies that sets foreign policy, gathers, analyzes, and transmits information from other countries that might be important to the security of the nation. Although the CIA is notorious for its participation in "spy" work and "top secret" investigations, much of its work is public and routine. The CIA Director is appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.