The Question of Voting: Answering Sièyes B.

So where do we get wisdom? One of the most important -- and probably indispensible -- sources of in a democracy is informed among people whose diversity approximates the diversity of their community or country. (Such a group can be large or small, as long as it meets that criteria. See the on this site for democratic innovations that embody this understanding). Such deliberation produces public judgment, a far higher form of collective intelligence than mere public opinion. (See ..)

The Wrath of “Grub Street”: Scandal Literature and the Erosion of Royal Prestige

the 20th century has been characterized by three developments of great political importance: The growth of democracy, the growth of corporate power, and the growth of corporate propaganda as a means of protecting corporate power against democracy.
-- Alex Carey, Australian social scientist

The August Decrees and the Declaration of the Rights of Man

The Failure of Institutional Reform: Calonne's Reforms and the Assembly of Notables B.

A third approach to direct democracy -- the "initiative process" adapted by a number of states -- allows anyone to propose a law which, if they can get enough of their fellow citizens to co-sponsor it (usually by signing petitions), can be voted on by the entire electorate in the next election. While apparently empowering the grassroots, this process has in many instances been co-opted by special interest groups, especially monied interests who put initiatives on the ballot to increase their wealth and power in the guise of public benefit -- or to confuse voters about competing initiatives that actually come from the grassroots. Since the monied interests have more resources to hire petition-signature-gatherers and to run powerful advertising campaigns based on extensive marketing surveys and expert PR advice (sometimes very devious, last minute blitzes that can't be answered before the election), there's a real question about how democratic existing initiative processes are. Furthermore, such processes offer no more deliberation than the unproductive media debates that characterize most political campaigns.

Uri Friedman: What’s the state of American democracy in January 2018

In his right hand, Louis carries an épée with the legend La Loi, as if to suggest that the king's authority is no longer absolute, but an executive office in the service of a sovereign legislature.

It was a few days after the start of the new millennium, and the U.S

For example, the entire commercial and industrial system is in principle excluded from the democratic process, including everything that goes on within it --

Direct Democracy - Co-Intelligence

First of all because there is a monopoly of power centralized in the State, and secondly -and critically - because representative democracy is limited to the political sphere and in no serious way encroaches on the economic sphere.

Inside Putin’s Campaign to Destroy U.S. Democracy

Economic freedom -- not democracy, and not ecological stewardship -- is the defining metaphor of the WTO and its central goal is humanity's mastery of the natural world through its total commodification.

Reporters Without Borders Says Trump ‘Poses Major …

Anarchists of this tradition have always held that democratic control of one's productive life is at the core of any serious human liberation, or, for that matter, of any significant democratic practice.

04/02/2017 · Trump Inches The U.S

This equestrian portrait of Louis XVI is typical of the complex blend of revolutionary and monarchical symbolism that characterized the first phase of the revolution in France.