Those who were tried were sentenced to death, banished, or imprisoned for life, like Nelson Mandela.The apartheid policy was highly effective of achieving its goal of preferential treatment for whites, as is demonstrated by the statistics in Figure 1.Where to go from here:
Starting in the 60's, a plan of ``Grand Apartheid'' was executed, emphasizing territorial separation and police repression.With the enactment of apartheid laws in 1948, racial discrimination was institutionalized.
The growing legacy of bitterness as changes are made in South Africa.
The "Native Land Act" of 1913 set aside 7.3 per cent of South African territory as reservations for black people and barred them from buying land outside these areas.
Deprived of the right to vote or to strike, the black population had no means of political influence, and so the ANC, African National Congress, and other resistance and liberation movements formed.
Apartheid and reactions to it | South African History …
In 1950, the Population Registration Act required that all South Africans be racially classified into one of three categories: white, black (African), or colored (of mixed decent).