Peasants who, for one reason or another, did not have the crop to deliver, would simply be knocked down and beaten, with the tax collectors' attendant scribes calmly observing and recording the transaction.
Thomas Aquinas; Archimedes; Charles Babbage; Cheops; Marie Curie; Benjamin Franklin; Mohandas Gandhi ; Abraham Lincoln; Ferdinand Magellan; Leonardo da Vinci.
In the afterword to his book The 100, Michael H.
The work is probably performed naked but for a rope thong because no one would want to expose good cloth to the mud in which the workers inevitably stand and stoop.
Miller, Bible scholar, (Bible Review, December 1993, Vol.
A text that begins "I have seen many beatings" must be expected to be offering a sober caution, if indeed there "many beatings," which, as it happens, is undeniable.
Kerr seems ignorant of the worldwide history of ethics.
No, the concern for the dignity of labor here is modern and editorial, if not Marxist, and the intention of the author of the text is clearly the very serious recommendation of scribal life, attended with reading, writing, and authority, over the hard labor and social subordination of other professions.
Apparently one has to have a diverse resume to make the list.
However, one does not have to have either contempt or respect to recognize that manual labor in an ancient society, with nothing in the way of modern medicine and when the average life-span was only about 35 years, was hard, merciless, and ravaging.
No one else can claim that history turned on a dime after his life.
Lichtheim argues rather awkwardly that the text is intended as a "satire" because the "scribal profession" never would have harbored "a contempt for manual labor so profound as to be unrelieved by humor." Instead, the Egyptians are supposed to have uniformly taken "joy and pride in the accomplishments of labor" and have taught "respect for all labor" (p.
Newton should be third at best.
Phoinix, , in Greek is the noun, "Phoenician." The root here is Phoinik-, and this has an extra consonant in it in comparison to the Phoenician root.