Each individual has the capacity to choose and to determine a course of action. There area number of steps that can reinforce the confidence factor in one's making choices andimproving their self-esteem. According to Carl Roger (1965) the client first starts tobelieve in their abilities to induce a change. Then they develop the confidence in makingdecisions that will change their behavior and at the same time create the foundation ofliving a socially dependent life. Choices and will play an important part for a person tofunction. All humanistic therapies view each person's reality as unique. It cannot becategorized nor can it be compared to someone else's. The therapist must show genuineconcern and respect towards the client's subjective experience.
On the existential view, to understand what a human being is it is notenough to know all the truths that natural science—including thescience of psychology—could tell us. The dualist who holds thathuman beings are composed of independentsubstances—“mind” and “body”—is nobetter off in this regard than is the physicalist, who holds thathuman existence can be adequately explained in terms of thefundamental physical constituents of the universe. Existentialism doesnot deny the validity of the basic categories of physics, biology,psychology, and the other sciences (categories such as matter,causality, force, function, organism, development, motivation, and soon). It claims only that human beings cannot be fully understood interms of them. Nor can such an understanding be gained bysupplementing our scientific picture with a moralone. Categories of moral theory such as intention, blame,responsibility, character, duty, virtue, and the like docapture important aspects of the human condition, but neither moralthinking (governed by the norms of the good and the right) norscientific thinking (governed by the norm of truth)suffices.
“The Metamorphosis” and Existentialism | Cox Teach: …
Existential-Humanistic psychology, through the development of higher self-esteem in anindividual, helps to make social contributions to the community and society that they livein. Improving one's self-esteem can be achieved with the help of others (existentialtherapies, transpersonal psychology, positive psychology, or interpersonal psychodynamictherapy or by self reflection (mindfulness/meditation). Individuals with higherself-esteem are happier, have better academic performance, and are more aware of theinterconnectedness of humans, societies, and countries. This awareness motivates them tomake a contribution to others who are not that fortunate and to appreciate the gifts ofkindness and compassion shown by others towards them. Life is truly an ever increasingspiral - the more you give the more you will feel better about yourself and improve yourself-esteem. It is important to note that social change begins with the individual. Fromthe individual it can extend to the immediate family and community, eventually leading toglobal change.