Communism – The Failed Experiment, Part I

In different happiness charts (for example Live Science, United Nations, Forbes), the Czech Republic ranks among the top 40 happiest countries in the world, while Bulgaria is in the top 20 unhappiest ones. If we look at how people feel in all European post-communist countries, according to the Live Science list for 2013, we will see that the Czech citizens are the happiest (39th position out of 156), followed by Slovenia (44), Slovakia (46), Poland (51), Moldova (53), Croatia (58), Albania (62), Belarus (66), Russia (68), Lithuania (71), Estonia (72), Montenegro (80), Kosovo (83), Ukraine (87), Latvia (88), Romania (90), Serbia (106), Bosnia and Herzegovina (107), Hungary (110), Macedonia (118), Armenia (128), Georgia (134) and Bulgaria (144). I think this says it better than anything else.

Well, now, have living standards in Eastern Europe decreased after communism?

The inscription on the statue states that Jagiello was the, "Founder of a Free Union of the Peoples of East Central Europe, Victor Over the Teutonic Aggressors at Grunwald [i.e.

Why We Are Bummed Communism Fell - TV Tropes

It will then discuss the various factors which combined to bring about the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe.

The term alienation has an ancient history, being used in common discourse to identify feelings of estrangement or of detachment from self and others; and in law to describe the act of transferring property or ownership to another. In modern terms, however, “alienation” has been used by philosophers, psychologists, and sociologists to refer to an extraordinary variety of psychological, sociological and political phenomena, among others, anxiety states, anomie, despair, depersonalization, rootlessness, apathy, social disorganization, loneliness, atomization, powerlessness, meaninglessness, isolation, pessimism and the loss of beliefs and values. Karl Marx gave alienation a sociological frame of reference. He posited that the worker was alienated from the product of his labor and from the means of production, because of a certain socio-economic system—namely commodity-production—that had come into existence with the Industrial Revolution. Upon these beliefs he built a vast critique of that system known today rather generically as capitalism. The Eastern European revisionists from the 50s onwards made use of Marx’s own concept of alienation to criticize political systems and societies of the communist world whose leadership claimed that it had fulfilled Marx’s vision of an unalienated world.

After the fall : the failure of communism and the future of socialism

The official, quasi-official, and unofficial interpretations of Marxism consequently proliferated. Even though national orientations gave and still give the official body of Marxism-Leninism certain national and ethnic peculiarities, in the main it is possible to distinguish certain ideological characteristics. In fact even after the demise of the Soviet Union and the collapse of the Soviet Empire, the ideology was upheld by the remnants of the communist parties in Western and Eastern Europe and in Russia and as of 2011 was still the official ideology of Cuba, Vietnam, China, Laos, and North Korea.

Failure of Communism in Russia Essay Example | Topics …

In 1932 some of Marx’s early philosophical writings were published for the first time. They are known as his Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts. They provided the theoretical background for a debate on alienation among his followers both in the West and in Eastern Europe, and to date they are still influential in buttressing anti-liberal anti-capitalist ideological pronouncements in the international system. The original body of theories came to be defined from the very beginning of the evolution of Marxism and Socialist parties as the orthodox position, that is to say, the position official Marxist theoreticians expounded in the 19th and 20th centuries as being the true, correct, and only way to interpret social reality, and by which the various socialist governments in Eastern Europe, in Russia, and other Communist states came to “officially” abide.

Causes of the Failure of Communism In Russia ..

Once it was clear that the Soviet Union would no longer intervene in the affairs of its neighbors, Eastern Europeans were able to address their own local needs in their own way.