Hayes listed the following majordevelopments in Europe: the French Revolution introduced the idea of thenation-stateas an organizing concept for politics, and the NapoleonicWars showed the strength of the nation-state the rise of Liberalism supported a belief in progress andchange the Industrial Revolution changed how people worked andacquired goods, the number of goods in circulation, and economicrelationship between industrialized and non-industrializedregions of the world art and religion adapted to the new emphasis on materialism new techniques for communication and organization gave riseto the concept of "the masses" as a political and economic force Carrington went on to say that these changes led to the"resurgence of economic nationalism and national imperialism."They initiated a period of intense national competition thatculminated in two world wars in the 20th century.
While it isimpossible to generalize about the entire continent in a fewsentences, it is accurate to say that the continent that producedthe first humans, and which developed universities as early asthe 11th century, was in a state of turmoil by the 19th century.
Christianity in the 19th century - Wikipedia
A number of ancient and more recent African states displayed solid resistance to the European powers and to their efforts to penetrate Africa’s hinterland.
American Philosophy | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Contents Introduction British Interests Egyptian Indebtedness Nationalist Reaction The British Occupation of Egypt INTRODUCTION Although Egypt's influence on European history dates backmore than 5000 years, at the beginning of the 19th century, itwas still a mysterious and relatively unknown place to Europeans.
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The limited information brought back to Europe byexplorers like Mungo Park and Henry Morton Stanley made Africansappear warlike and/or childlike, and they wrote books and gavelectures that popularized the notion of Africa as "the darkcontinent." For example, this relatively favorable quotationfrom a first-time visitor to Africa illustrates the prevailingbeliefs among Europeans: "As we steamed into the estuary of Sierra Leone on November18th , we found Africa exactly as books of travel had ledus to anticipate--a land of excessive heat, lofty palm-trees,gigantic baobabs, and naked savages.
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During the 19th century, European emigration towards the ‘new worlds’ contributed to the spread of Europe’s political, economic and cultural influence.
An exploration of a town's past and my present.
History of Europe during the 19th century: Congress of Vienna – the revolutions of 1848 – nationalism – national minorities – Balkan wars – colonial empires
Tasmania: the isle that's wild at heart
According to late 19th century science, humandevelopment took place in three stages: savagery, marked byhunting and gathering; barbarism accompanied by the beginning ofsettled agriculture; and civilization, which required thedevelopment of commerce.