Also Odysseus becomes king again, and has his home.

For your fame has reached broad heaven itself, like that of some illustrious king."(Page 289,Book 19, The Odyssey) Penelope played one of the most vital roles in Homer's timeless classic ‘The Odyssey’, as both Odysseus's patient and loving wife and as the Queen of Ithaca.

Written down in the late 8th century, the Odyssey belongs to the oldest and most influential works of the cultural heritage of literature in the Occident....


The nymph Calypso enslaves Odysseus for many years.

The Odyssey begins on Mount Olympus, in the palace of Zeus, king of the gods, where a discussion takes place regarding the woes of humans and their determination to blame it on the gods....


The story opens with Odysseus living on the island of Kalypso.

Since lord Odysseus
has paid back the suitors, let them swear
a binding oath that he'll remain their king
all his life, and let's make them forget
the killing of their sons and brothers.
Let them love each other as they used to do,
and let there be wealth and peace in plenty.”
(Book 24, Page 482, Line 617-626)
"Once Athena spoke, Odysseus obeyed,
joy in his heart.

Both The Iliad and The Odyssey are epic poems written by Homer.

So in answer to the King, Odysseus reveals his identity, background and adventures: from Troy, the winds sweep him and his men to Ismarus, city of the Cicones.

Both Penelope and Odysseus are very quick thinking and cunning.

Telemachus matures into a man who can fight with his fathers people
“Telemachus, now you've reached 650
the field of battle, where the finest men
are put to the test." (Book 24, pg.483, Line 650-652).
THE ROAD BACK to the Ordinary World
There lives have changed greatly, for each of them Odysseus, Penelope, and Telemachus.

Impulsive actions prove to be very harmful to Odysseus.

For your fame has reached broad heaven itself, like that of some illustrious king."(Page 289,Book 19) In Homer's epic, The Odyssey, Odysseus is an epic hero with an epic wife, Penelope.

In the Odyssey gift giving can be seen as sign of respect.

In the Odyssey, the Gods seem to have a very huge part in the play. However, are the Gods actually real? Or are they just their sub-conscious telling everyone what to do. However if that’s true, then how could Odysseus’s and his “sub-conscious” spend 7 years on an island thinking that he was somewhere else....

Later on, one sees that at least Eurycleia distinguishes Odysseus.


“Start carrying those corpses outside now,
and then take charge of the servant women.
Have these splendid chairs and tables cleaned,
wiped with porous sponges soaked in water.
Once you've put the entire house in order,
then take those servants from the well-built hall
to a spot outside between the round house
and the sturdy courtyard wall and kill them.
Slash them with long swords, until the life is gone
from all of them, and they've forgotten
Aphrodite and how they loved the suitors
when they had sex with them in secret.”
(Book 22, p.445-446, line 540-553)
Shapeshifter- Telemachus
Telemachus changes throughout the book by becoming wiser and more experienced.