Estimates range between 314 and 580.
Given the secrecy surrounding executions, exact numbers are difficult to obtain and different figures are given by various organizations. According to Amnesty International's conservative estimate, at least 314 executions were carried out in 2012. Another organization, Iran Human Rights, reports that at least 580 executions took place in Iran in 2012, about half of which were reported by official government sources. The actual number of executions is likely to be even higher, given the government’s underreporting of executions and the holding of secret executions.
Reports indicate that the head of the Iranian judiciary recently issued a moratorium on stoning and public executions but that this moratorium has not been respected.
"Two people were stoned to death in Iran last year
Estimates range between 369 and 727.
Given the secrecy surrounding executions, exact numbers are difficult to obtain and different figures are given by various organizations. According to the organization Iran Human Rights, at least 687 executions were carried out in 2013. This tally draws upon media reports citing a majority of official sources and reliable unofficial sources known to the organization. Another organization, Iran Human Rights Documentation Center, reported that 624 executions had taken place in 2013, 334 of which were announced by the government. Yet another organization, the Abdorrahman Boroumand Foundation, reports 727 executions for 2013 as of January 8, 2014. Amnesty International reported a more cautious estimate of 369 executions.
The actual number of executions is likely to be higher, given the government’s underreporting of executions and the holding of secret executions. For instance, in February 2013, Iran Human Rights reported that hundreds of secret executions had taken place in Vakilabad prison in eastern Iran over the previous 4 or 5 months, and that daily secret executions were taking place in another prison, Rajai Shahr Prison, west of Tehran. In June 2013, Iran Human Rights reported an additional 14 secret executions in the Hormozgan prisons.
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Drug Trafficking Not Resulting in Death.
Statutory language indicates that the death penalty is mandatory for drug trafficking offenses such as producing, trafficking, smuggling, storing or carrying drugs upon recidivism or if the offense involves more than 5 kilos or 30 grams of drugs, depending on the drug. Trafficking over 5 kg of opium and opium derivatives is punishable by death, unless it was the first time the perpetrator was convicted of the crime and he failed to distribute or sell the drugs. Trafficking over 100 grams of heroin, cocaine and methamphetamine is punishable by death. Trafficking over 30 grams of the same drugs is punishable by death upon the second conviction of trafficking. Furthermore, judicially promulgated guidelines indicate that the judiciary treats professional drug trafficking as requiring the death penalty. Drug traffickers can be punished as “corrupt on earth,” which is a hadd penalty—although this could actually be the application of a hadd penalty for an offense punishable as tazir.
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In 2010, 1% of executions were for “immoral acts.” Some executions since January 2008 have been by stoning.
We were unable to locate information for other years.
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Drug Trafficking Not Resulting in Death.
Producing drugs is punished by death upon the fourth instance. Smuggling or trafficking more than five kilos of drugs is punished by death, and storing drugs for the purpose of transportation is treated as trafficking. Trafficking heroin, morphine, cocaine or derivatives is treated more seriously than is trafficking in other drugs, with a 30 gram threshold for death-eligibility. Armed drug trafficking or smuggling is punished by death, as is trafficking or smuggling drugs in prisons, rehabilitation centers or military facilities. Trafficking over 5 kg of opium and opium derivatives can be punishable by death. Trafficking over 100 grams of heroin, cocaine and methamphetamine is punishable by death. Trafficking over 30 grams of the same drugs is punishable by death upon the second conviction of trafficking.