2018 Political Quiz - ISideWith quiz

1. [A] 1869.
The U.S. Congress Passed the Fifteenth Amendment in 1869, which gave African American men the right to vote. However, by 1896, the state of Louisiana passed “grandfather clauses” that effectively barred former slaves and their descendants from voting. This action dramatically lowered the number of black voters—only 4% voted in 1873, down from 44.8% voting four years earlier in 1869. Soon other southern states followed suit—Mississippi, South Carolina, Alabama and Virginia established their own grandfather clauses. By 1940, only 3% of African Americans eligible to vote were registered. Jim Crow laws greeted African Americans at the polls in the form of literacy tests and poll taxes. In 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act into law; some of the provisions were permanent outlawing barriers to political participation by all racial and ethnic minorities. Jurisdictions that had a history of discriminatory practices in voting were subject to federal approval before they could make changes in their election laws. In 1970, President Richard Nixon signed an extension of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, as did President Gerald Ford in 1975. However in 2011, that requirement came into question and many states, many that had had histories of voter discrimination, began legislating an array of voting restrictions once again. In the 2013 Supreme Court decision of Shelby v. Holder, the Court dismantled the requirement that states with a history of voting discrimination get federal approval before they changed their election laws. Native American Cultures. (2015). Source:
ACLU. Retrieved from

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