Although the top five agencies are recognized for their high participation rates of PWTD in EEOC’s Annual Reports, partner agencies could improve recognition of agencies that have been innovative and/or successful in increasing the participation rate of PWTD in their work force. In addition, many agencies have not recognized managers who have successfully hired, advanced, and retained PWTD in their work force.
Photo provided by Flickr
In addition to the declining numbers of PWTD employed in the federal work force, there is also evidence that PWTD are compensated at a lower rate than other employees. In FY 2006, the average general schedule and related (GSR) grade level for PWTD was 8.5, a full grade and a half below the government-wide average of 10. See EEOC Annual Report (FY 2006), in App. III. As noted in Table 3 below, over 51% of the federal employees with targeted disabilities were employed in GSR grades 1 to 8, as compared to only 32% of the total work force in FY 2006. See Table 3. It is worth noting, however, that pay distribution is improving. The participation rates for PWTD in grades 1-8 have declined from 58.95% in FY 1997 to 51.37% in FY 2006, while the participation rates for PWTD in grades 12 and above have steadily increased. During FY 2006, 6.41% of all PWTD participated in Senior Grade levels (GS-14 to Senior Pay), which is a little more than half the rate of participation for the total work force (10%). From FY 1997 to FY 2006, the highest net change in the participation rate of PWTD occurred at the GS-14/15 pay levels (+27.59%), with the senior pay level (+13.92%) ranking second.
First Presidency Urges Church Members To Participate …
Photo provided by Flickr
There are likely several explanations as to why the participation rate of PWTD has steadily declined over the years. Current medical and technological advancements afford greater opportunities for PWTD to work. Furthermore, the population of working-age individuals with targeted disabilities has increased with each passing decade. Nonetheless, the participation rate of PWTD in the federal government has steadily declined year after year. Moreover, the decline has been much faster than that of the overall federal work force. While the percentage of new hires of PWTD has increased over the last five years, that increase did not keep pace with the percentage of separations over the same period.