It is based on rational human reasoning.

Philosophical empiricism is defined as “the belief that all human knowledge arises from sense experience.” (Nash, 1999, page 254) Yet, medical empiricism is so far to the other extreme as to be insulting, while this empiricism is still said to be based on all sensory experience; only the scientific sensory experience is valued and counted....

Neitherrationalism nor empiricism disregards the primary tool of theother school entirely.
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Rationality is a key concept in this process as it affects the anthropologist’s interpretation of the studied group’s way of life: what s/he deems as rational or plausible practice.

Rationalism: Examples and Definition | Philosophy Terms

Rationalism first began in Ancient Greece with two extreme rationalists - Parmenides and Zeno.
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In addition, the Age of Enlightenment produced famous writers who didn’t agree with the irrational politics and old traditions of their respective countries, and instead relied upon wit and satire to expose the corruption and poor human condition existing around them....

Rationalism - Wikipedia | Rationalism | Empiricism

It will have its basis on the first two meditations of Descartes, representing Rationalism, as well as draw from empiricists’ points of view for contrasting views and discussion.

org/wiki/Rationalism Rationalism

Using this test, Hume draws out one of the most important implicationsof the empiricists’ denial of the Innate Concept thesis. Ifexperience is indeed the source of all ideas, then our experiencesalso determine the content of our ideas. Our ideas of causation, ofsubstance, of right and wrong have their content determined by theexperiences that provide them. Those experiences, Hume argues, areunable to support the content that many rationalists and someempiricists, such as Locke, attribute to the corresponding ideas. Ourinability to explain how some concepts, with the contents therationalists attribute to them, are gained from experience should notlead us to adopt the Innate Concept thesis. It should lead us toaccept a more limited view of the contents for those concepts, andthereby a more limited view of our ability to describe and understandthe world.

Rationalism - definition of rationalism by The Free …

Leibniz (1704) offers a rationalist reply to the first concern. WhereLocke puts forth the image of the mind as a blank tablet on whichexperience writes, Leibniz offers us the image of a block of marble,the veins of which determine what sculpted figures it will accept.

Rationalism vs Empiricism - YouTube

After explaining why the preceding sorts of arguments do not succeed, I consider a novel attempt by Keith Lehrer to undermine the chief argument in favor of the claim that it can sometimes be rational to accept inconsistent sets....