Potassium Chloride: Uses, Dosage & Side Effects - …

Potassium chloride is a salt with the formula KCl. It is a white crystalline solid. It is edible, commonly used as a salt substitute, but it has a sharp, biting aftertaste (which is often described as metallic) that many people find unpleasant.

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In patients with renal insufficiency, administration of potassium chloride may cause potassium intoxication and life-threatening hyperkalemia.

The administration of intravenous solutions can cause fluid and/or solute overload resulting in dilution of serum electrolyte concentrations, overhydration, congested states or pulmonary edema.


Potassium Chloride (KCl) Optical Crystals

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION Potassium Chloride for Injection Concentrate, USP must be diluted before administration.
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Chloride, the major extracellular anion, closely follows the metabolism of sodium, and changes in the acid-base of the body are reflected by changes in the chloride concentration.

Normally about 80 to 90% of the potassium intake is excreted in the urine, the remainder in the stools and to a small extent, in the perspiration.


Potassium is a mineral you normally ingest through your food

Potassium chloride can be easily obtained in relatively pure form at the grocery store as a salt substitute for people with low-sodium diets. This source is mixed in with to improve taste. However, salt substitute is deliberately overpriced by the companies that make it; it is many times cheaper to obtain potassium chloride through other means, often through larger industrial quantities, which are usually purer anyway. This includes buying potassium chloride as fertilizer, sometimes referred to as muriate of potash. In some hardware stores, sodium-free water purification tablets made of 99% or higher potassium chloride can be purchased, usually in bags weighing about 40 lbs. These are by far the most economic method of purchasing potassium chloride.

potassium - The World's Healthiest Foods

Potassium chloride can be used as a source of chloride ions in reactions, although sodium chloride is more common. KCl is often used to make KClO3 () using electrolysis. The high solubility of KCl at low temperature compared to KClO3 makes it easy to separate the two compounds from a solution.

Potassium is a mineral found in varying amounts in almost all foods


EXP: 1 DAY (RT)
[Normal range: 3.5 to 5 meq/L]


DESCRIPTION
Potassium Chloride for Injection Concentrate, USP is a sterile, nonpyrogenic, hypertonic, concentrated solution of Potassium Chloride, USP in Water for Injection, USP to be administered by intravenous infusion only after dilution in a larger volume of fluid.

Each mL of Potassium Chloride for Injection Concentrate, USP contains 2 mEq (150 mg) of Potassium Chloride, USP.

3 mol/l Find MSDS or SDS, a COA, data sheets and more information.

It does not contain an antimicrobial agent.

Potassium Chloride for Injection Concentrate, USP (appropriately diluted) is a parenteral fluid and electrolyte replenisher.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY
Potassium is the chief cation of body cells (160 mEq/liter of intracellular water) and is concerned with the maintenance of body fluid composition and electrolyte balance.