Copernicus, however, wiped the slate clean in a single broad stroke, and proposed afundamentally different model in which the planets all circled the in While radically different from model, Copernicus's heliocentric theory washardly an original idea.
Nicolaus Copernicus (b. 1473–d. 1543) was the first modern author to propose a heliocentric theory of the universe. From the time that Ptolemy of Alexandria (. 150 ) constructed a mathematically competent version of geocentric astronomy to Copernicus’s mature heliocentric version (1543), experts knew that the Ptolemaic system diverged from the geocentric concentric-sphere conception of Aristotle. Copernicus cited disagreements among his predecessors over observations, principles, assumptions, explanations, and, even worse, over the order of the planets, the structure of the universe, and the commensurability of its parts. Relying on Renaissance humanist predecessors and contemporaries, Copernicus expressed deep dissatisfaction with the confusion in astronomy, and he intimated that the artisan who created the universe for our sake also created humans with the capacity to discover and understand the structure of that universe with certainty. Copernicus did not explain, however, exactly how he came to the conclusions that the problem lay in geocentrism and the solution in heliocentrism. As a result, experts have been trying to reconstruct his path to the heliocentric theory ever since. The Copernican revolution in cosmography (later called “cosmology”) had a profound impact on natural philosophy (motions of bodies, the elements, finiteness of the universe), logic, the liberal arts, and the structure of the cosmos. The Copernican theory also challenged standard interpretations of the Bible and conceptions reinforced by traditional religion about the place of humankind in the universe and its ultimate end.
Nicolaus Copernicus | Facts, Accomplishments, & …
Nicolaus Copernicus was born in Thorn, Poland on February 19, 1473. He wasthe son of a wealthy merchant. After his father's death, he was raisedby his mother's brother, a bishop in the Catholic Church. Copernicusstudied mathematics and astronomy at the University of Krakow. Through hisuncle's influence Copernicus was appointed a canon (church official) of the Catholic Church. He used the income from the position to help pay foradditional studies. Copernicus studied law and medicine at theuniversities of Bologna, Padua, and Ferrara in Italy. While he was studyingat the University of Bologna, his interest in astronomy was stimulated. Helived in the home of a mathematics professor who influenced him to question the astronomy beliefs of the day.