A competition was held for the design of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. Maya Lin, a student at Yale University's School of Architecture, submitted a student project. This was selected in 1981 as the winning design. When Maya Lin’s design was chosen, there was disagreement among people as to whether or not it should be accepted. Some Vietnam veterans and others felt that it did not reflect the heroism, patriotism, and honor found in most war memorials. The Three Servicemen Statue, designed by Frederick Hart, was a compromise to that controversy and honors the American military who served in Vietnam. The Vietnam Women’s Memorial sculpture, designed by Glenna Goodacre, depicts three uniformed women with a wounded soldier. While one nurse comforts the soldier, another kneels, and the third looks to the skies.
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is located on the National Mall in Washington, DC; it is north of the Lincoln Memorial and the Reflecting Pool. It honors U.S. men and women who served in the Vietnam War (1959-1975). The memorial consists of three parts: the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall, the Three Servicemen Statue and Flagpole, and the Vietnam Women's Memorial.
Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund | Design and Layout
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall is unusual in that it lists each individual U.S. serviceperson killed or missing in action. The names are listed in the order in which the men and women died or were declared missing. The first name is located in the center of the memorial, at the top of the wall, under the date 1959, the year of the first death.