4.1 Conservationists sometimes assume that the priority when setting a grazing regime for grasslands is to avoid summer grazing in order to allow plants to flower and set seed. However, research suggests that the seedling establishment phase is the most critical period for most if not all plants so it is important to set a level of grazing that keeps the sward open and free of excess litter, and creates gaps in which seedlings can establish. Many invertebrates also require patches of bare soil.
4.2 Different plant species germinate at different times, so gaps for regeneration are needed throughout the year. This means that continuous light grazing throughout the year is a perfectly acceptable management regime.
If grazing is to be excluded for a period it should be for a good reason, such as:
Grassland ecosystems in Victoria are found in flat to gently undulating country at low altitudes (generally below 700 m) in low to medium rainfall areas (400-1000 mm a year) on relatively nutrient-rich loam, clay-loam and alluvial soils. Slightly less than 10% of the area once supporting Grassland in Victoria falls on public land while a little under 5% is represented in conservation parks and reserves. About 85% of Grassland has been removed or substantially altered for agriculture and urban development. Grassland may be bordered by a range of other ecosystems including , , , and .
Victorian Ecosystems - Grassland
The American Forage and Grassland Council (AFGC) is dedicated to advancing the use of forage as a sustainable feed resource. Our members represent the academic community, producers, commercial industry, institutes and foundations. Together, they unite in a common cause to promote and develop the forage industry.
Meadows and grassland management - Baltic Deal
In the Grassland Management Group, we aim to establish grassland management technologyfor the production of high quality forage and to develop labor saving grassland production andutilization system. We are also working on the evaluation of grassland ecosystem services.
Grassland Management - Shop - Kingshay
The grassland management services that we provide includes aerating, subsoiling, rolling, boom spraying, spot spraying, ménage care and haylage/hay making. We also offer direct drilling of grass seed into existing leys to improve productivity, including supply of grass seed as well as flat rolling and harrowing of fields.
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Crofts, A. and Jefferson, R. 1994. The Lowland Grassland Management Handbook. English Nature/The Wildlife Trusts. (A second edition of this handbook will be published in 1996.)
Kirby, P. 1992. Habitat Management for Invertebrates: a practical handbook. RSPB.
Andrews, J. and Rebane, M. 1994. Farming and Wildlife. A practical management handbook. RSPB.
Grassland Management Graduate Certificate | South …
The loss of native plants from Grassland was followed, and in some cases preceded, by the local extinction of native animals. Grassland species that were once common, such as the Plains Wanderer, Australian Bustard, Eastern Barred Bandicoot, Bush Stone-curlew and Striped Legless Lizard, have become rare since European settlement. Some species, recorded only from early expeditions and with poor location information, may have vanished so quickly that we are not sure of their original status in Grassland or even if they used the ecosystem at all (for example, ). Clearly the success of Red Fox in Victoria also played a big role in the reduction of these species as did competition with the European Rabbit.