The rise of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) was swift and far from certain

In 1933 the Nazis replaced all labor unions with the "Deutsche Arbeitsfront" (DAF), controlled by and the NSDAP. The DAF was a company union that worked with management regarding working hours and condition. It ended collective bargaining, prevented wildcat strikes and held wages steady, and thus was a major victory for employers. Its subsidiary "Kraft durch Freude" (KdF), or the Strength through Joy movement was concerned with guiding leisure time of 17 million members through an extensive subsidized system of sports, cultural events, hikes, holiday vacations, welfare services, and even foreign tours. The programs were a success. The majority of workers accepted membership in the DAF, and most joined in KdF activities, and in turn reduced absenteeism and worked harder. According to secret reports compiled by exiled Social Democrats (called "Deutschland-Berichte"), the KdF's recreational services were quite popular, in part because they marked a gain in the social status of the blue collar workers. Satisfaction with some of the undertakings of the DAF and KdF helped produce positive evaluations of the entire regime. The DAF has been called a modernization program that introduced preventive health care, welfare benefits and promoted efficiency, while rejecting modernity by denying and indeed reducing the voice and autonomy of the workers.

Between 1933 and 1945, Germany's policies were dominated by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party.
Photo provided by Flickr

Nuremberg was a party stronghold, and the first was held there in 1927, the second in 1929. The Nazis’ strongest appeal was to the lower middle-class – farmers, public servants, teachers, small businessmen – who had suffered most from the inflation of the 1920s and who feared Bolshevism more than anything else. The small business class were receptive to Hitler’s anti-Semitism, since some blamed “Jewish big business” for their economic problems. University students, disappointed at being too young to have served in World War I and attracted by the Nazis’ radical rhetoric, also became a strong Nazi constituency. By 1929 the party had 130,000 members.

Nazi Party - Summary & Facts about The German Nazi Party

SS-Oberführer Karl Diebitsch designed SS uniforms and much of the organization's regalia.
Photo provided by Flickr

This pursuit of territory led to the annexation of and the Sudetenland, the invasion of , and ultimately the start of — the single most destructive war in human history, killing millions, of whom many were civilians.

The Nazi Party 1919-1929 - GCSE Modern World History

During 1921 and 1922 the Nazi Party grew significantly, partly through Hitler’s oratorical skills, partly through the SA’s appeal to unemployed young men, and partly because there was a backlash against socialist and liberal politics in Bavaria as Germany’s economic problems deepened and the weakness of the Weimar regime became apparent. The party recruited former World War I soldiers, to whom Hitler as a decorated frontline veteran could particularly appeal, small businessmen and disaffected former socialists. The was formed for the children of party members, although it remained small until the late 1920s. The party also formed groups in other parts of Germany. in was an early recruit. Others to join the party at this time were a former army officer , who became head of the SA, World War I flying ace , and . In December 1920 the party acquired a newspaper, the .

The Nazi leader was Adolf Hitler

The ultimate goal of the Nazis was the complete extermination of these "inferior races"; in the case of Eastern Europe, the plan was to replace them with German settlers as a medium-term goal for improving the European races' odds in the eventual wars with the Asian and African races.

The Nazi SS and Gestapo explored

In January 1923 the French occupied the industrial region as a result of Germany’s failure to meet its reparations payments. This led to economic chaos, the resignation of ’s government and an attempt by the (KPD) to stage a revolution. The reaction to these events was an upsurge of nationalist and extreme right-wing sentiment. Nazi Party membership grew sharply, to about 20,000 By November Hitler had decided that the time was right for an attempt to seize power in Munich, in the hope that the (the postwar German army) would mutiny against the Berlin government and join his revolt. In this he was influenced by former General , who had become a supporter though not a member of the Nazis.