For Negrín to prove to his critics that his motivations were pure and that he was not a pawn of the communists he spoke of his Thirteen-Point Program on 30 April 1938 and published them on 1 May 1938. The First Four Points aimed to motivate Francisco Franco, leader of the Spanish Nationalists, to surrender to the Spanish Republic and end the Spanish Civil War. They assured the Spanish people that at the end of the war Spain would be completely free from foreign interference, with absolute independence and integrity. In addition, Spain would be liberated from foreign military forces and from all industrial partnerships that had intervened or attempted to dominate economic life in Spain for their own benefit. The Spanish people would be represented through a pure democracy, with the right of universal suffrage and national will. Furthermore, the first four points aimed to create a government in which the people were guaranteed full rights. All Four Points embody the first sentence of the First Point, which represents Negrín's peace offering to Franco and the Nationalists in order to end the Spanish Civil War. The remaining points of the program strove to establish a socialist government for the Spanish people. These points include the recognition of sovereignty and independence, civil liberties, land reform, social reform and amnesty for all Spanish citizens.
Although the coup initially failed, the ensuing Spanish Civil War ended in 1939 with the victory of the nationalist forces led by the ruthlessly efficient General Francisco Franco and supported by and fascist Italy.
1979 NFL season, San Francisco 49ers, National Football League
He founded the Basque Nationalist Party (“Partido Nacionalista Vasca” or PNV), which has dominated Basque politics for more than a century. The party put Arana’s beliefs into practice. In the decades after Arana’s death in 1903, PNV gradually convinced Basques, both urban and rural, that their identity and culture merited preservation through political autonomy. This nascent Basque nationalism coincided with the stormy times in Spain, where in 1936, a group of military leaders including General Francisco Franco initiated a Nationalist rebellion against the governing Republic that led to years of civil war and hundreds of thousands of deaths. In exchange for Basque cooperation in the fight, the embattled Republic agreed to grant them autonomy; Basques elected a government headed by President José Antonio Aguirre, a former professional soccer player. For at least a brief time, there was a semi-independent Basque Country.