This book is a collection of primary source documents that describe the evolution of conservative thought in Europe and America, from the 18th to the 20th century. Muller’s introduction provides a theoretical and historical overview of his subject in its Euro-American context.
The evolution of research on American conservatism has not been given the attention it deserves. While historians have been delving into the history of American conservatism, the delicate job of theoretical definition mostly remains to be done. Many bridges are still to be built between historical inquiry and political philosophy. The transnational orientation of some of these titles will enrich future scholarship and further expand the subject’s perimeter. As it stands, only one title in this bibliography, , is a book-length study, much of it devoted to British historiography. The rest of the titles are either essays, books of essays, or edited volumes. remains a cogent outline of conservative typology, a fruitful point of departure for any theoretical study of American conservatism. is less theoretical than . The value of resides in its juxtapositions and in Ribuffo’s against-the-grain efforts, . 1992, to place the Right on par historiographically with the center and the Left. is a contribution to the theoretical literature on American conservatism in two respects. The book gathers work by canonical conservative theorists (many of them European, a few American), and its introduction establishes key continuities and discontinuities. continues the work begun in , narrowing its focus to conservatism in America. (cited under ) is a reckoning with what remains the most important book on American conservatism, (cited under ). is a theoretical portrait of conservatism in American historiography from the 1950s to the early 21st century. is a document collection with a spirited historiographical (and to a lesser extent theoretical) dimension.
20th Century - Historical Novels
After a period of relative neglect, the study of postwar American conservatism has recently come to preoccupy historians of the United States. It now ranks among the liveliest subjects in the entire field of 20th-century US history. The historiography breaks into four phases. In an early phase, from the 1950s through the 1970s, conservatism being written into the historical narrative was an act of scholarly will at a time when liberalism and radicalism were much closer to the historiographical mainstream. In a second phase, in the 1970s and 1980s, conservatism was deemed a major historical force in modern America and was characterized as a “backlash” against the New Deal, the civil rights movement, the Great Society, the feminist movement, etc. In a third phase, conservatism was presented as more active than reactive. according to these historians, ideas that had crystallized in the 1950s came into their own politically in the 1980s, in the Reagan era. During the fourth and (for the time being) final phase, accent has fallen on the varieties of American conservatism and on its hybrid nature, absorbing and interacting with trends that could be characterized as liberal or radical. In this article, the relevant historiography is separated into seven branches (arranged alphabetically): anticommunism, the conservative movement, foreign policy, libertarianism, media, race-class-gender, and traditionalism. It has been argued that anticommunism, traditionalism, and libertarianism were fused into a “modern” American conservatism, that disparate ideas were fashioned into a workable ideology, and that this ideology was the tool Reagan used to remake American politics. The classic formulation of this argument is ( cited under ), to which there are many revisionist alternatives. Media concerns the changing role of communication, from the intellectual magazines of the 1950s to talk radio in the 1990s, and beyond. Foreign policy encompasses conservative debate on the ideals and practice of American foreign policy, moving among isolationism, realism, and neoconservatism. In the future, scholars will work through other arguments and narratives involving these branches, and new branches will surely be added.
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According to late 19th century science, humandevelopment took place in three stages: savagery, marked byhunting and gathering; barbarism accompanied by the beginning ofsettled agriculture; and civilization, which required thedevelopment of commerce.
Feb 07, 1999 · Alfred A
is an incomplete listing of some very badthingsthat happened before the 20th Century. I've scoured the history booksandcollected most of the major atrocities that anyone has bothered toenumerate.
07/02/1999 · Alfred A
Much of the cause can be traced to the resumption of regularcontacts with Europeans beginning in the 15th century and theimpact of European expansion on the Muslim world.
Twentieth Century Atlas - Historical Body Count
, I defined the Hemoclysm as that stringof interconnected barbarities which made the Twentieth Century sofascinating for historians and so miserable for real people. Here, I havelisted the sources for determing the body count for the biggest of these, the events that probably killed more than 5 million apiece.
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And then, within a century of the European Contact, the hemisphericpopulation plunged to a fairly well-proven residue of less than 10million. Howmany of these deaths count as indictable atrocities?