As previously stated, when looking at child development, several domains or developmental areas are considered: motor/physical, cognitive, social/emotional, communication/language, and self-help. Each domain and a brief description of the typical developmental sequences for each are noted below.
This book gives parents and other primary caregivers (child care providers, grandparents, close family and friends) practical information about how to support their young child’s social and emotional growth. Learn how your day-to-day interactions with your child directly shape their thoughts and feelings about who they are and what to expect from others. This book will help you appreciate how you are already nurturing your child’s development and also give you ideas of what else you might try.
mental and emotional growth and development of America ..
The motor/physical domain involves both gross motor and fine motor skills as well as physical growth. Since muscle and bone tissue grows very rapidly during the first two years, infant growth is very rapid and increases in strength, coordination, and stamina occur. Typical infant growth and development proceed from the head downward and from the center of the body outward. At birth, the newborn's head is about 70 percent of its eventual adult size - creating an infant that is top-heavy. The same developmental sequence occurs for muscle control with infants gaining control over muscles that support their head and neck first, then the trunk, and eventually developing muscle control needed for reaching. Muscle control needed for walking is the last to develop. During infancy, motor abilities evolve in a specific sequential order. However, it is important to note that the rate of motor development differs among children (e.g., standing, walking).
Earlychildhood NEWS - Article Reading Center
Dance and music can be done by listening to the radio or children's music. Public libraries often have a children's music section. Encourage children to move in whatever manner they want as the music plays, either individually or in groups. The adults should also participate by moving with the music so children have a model. This will help them believe that moving/dancing is good to do.