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:Mid-century glory days; American Renaissance; Poe, Emerson,Thoreau, Hawthorne, Melville, and Whitman; Masterworks establishthe canon of American Romanticism – a canon which has been contested(who is included/excluded—how does the eye of the critic shape theinterpretation of canon/period?)

: Beliefin natural goodness of man, that man in a state of nature would behavewell but is hindered by civilization.

This new philosophy drew upon old ideas of Romanticism, Unitarianism, and German Idealism.

Individualism, one of the big themes of American Romanticism, was a fav topic of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Check out Emerson's statement on the importance of individualism in his essay "."


Emerson Individualism Quotes - Search Quotes

This era gave birth to the Lyceum movement, which sparked belief in individualism amongst Americans.



Reaction against Unitarianism as a new orthodoxy of smug socialconformity that denied the spiritual and emotional depths of experience

German and English Romanticism provided inspiration towards the searchfor some deeper 'truth.'

Complex response to the democratization of American life, to the riseof science and the new technology, and to the new industrialism.

Influences: Plato, Kant, Coleridge, Puritanism and Jonathan Edwards,Americanism

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