Elizabeth's Religious Settlement

In government, Elizabeth was more moderate than her father and siblings. One of her mottoes was "" ("I see, and say nothing"). This strategy, viewed with impatience by her counsellors, often saved her from political and marital misalliances. Though Elizabeth was cautious in foreign affairs and only half-heartedly supported a number of ineffective, poorly resourced military campaigns in the Netherlands, France and , the defeat of the Spanish Armmada in 1588 associated her name forever with what is popularly viewed as one of the greatest victories in English history. Within twenty years of her death, she was being celebrated as the ruler of a golden age, an image that retains its hold on the English people.

Elizabeth’s Religious Changes

Edward VI died, probably of tuberculosis, on 6 July 1553, aged 15. His will swept aside the Succession to the Crown Act 1543, excluded both Mary and Elizabeth from the succession, and instead declared as his heir Lady Jane Grey, granddaughter of Henry VIII's sister Mary, Duchess of Suffolk. Lady Jane was proclaimed queen by the Privy Council, but her support quickly crumbled, and she was deposed after reigning nine days. Mary rode triumphantly into London, with Elizabeth at her side.


Elizabeth's Religious Settlement

The two major religions in Elizabethan England were the Catholic and Protestant religions.

Queen Elizabeth Queen Mary Queen Mary I (r.1553-1558), Elizabeth's sister, believed passionately in the Catholic religion and persecuted Protestants who were burned alive for their beliefs ( hence her nickname Bloody Mary ) Trying To Keep Peace When Queen Elizabeth ascended to the throne, there were violent clashes throughout Europe between Protestant and Catholic leaders and their followers.


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She did, however, firmly believe that people should be allowed to practice the Catholic religion without fear of recrimination so long as it presented no threat to peace in the realm and her rule over England.

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In 1588, Elizabeth faced yet another Catholic threat from Philip V of Spain, and it was defeating his Armada that finally ensured her English Protestant power.

GCSE History | Religion and Reform in Elizabethan England

(This was before Queen Elizabeth and the policy of religion.) Reformation In the early 1500's the people of England all practiced the Roman Catholic religion.

Religion- Elizabethan - Mindmap in GCSE History

Elizabeth often received offers of marriage, but she only seriously considered three or four suitors for any length of time. Of these, her childhood friend Lord Robert Dudley probably came closest. Early in 1559, Elizabeth's friendship with the married Dudley turned to love. Their intimacy soon was talk in court and country and abroad. It was also said that Amy Robsart, his wife, was suffering from a "malady in one of her breasts", and half a year later, that Lord Robert and the Queen had a "secret understanding" to marry after Amy would at last have been "sent into eternity". Yet this was not a welcome idea: "There is not a man who does not cry out on him and her with indignation...she will marry none but the favoured Robert", the Spanish ambassador described the situation at the beginning of 1560. Accordingly, when Dudley's wife died in September of the same year from a fall from a flight of stairs, a great scandal arose. For a time, Elizabeth seriously considered marrying Dudley; but William Cecil, Nicholas Throckmorton, and other politicians were very alarmed and made their disapproval unmistakably clear. The opposition was so overwhelming, that there were even rumours that the nobility would rise if the marriage took place.

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The practices of the Catholic religion were questioned during the Reformation and the beliefs of men such as the German Martin Luther (1483 - 1546) prompted a new religion called Protestantism...