The period of the Qing Dynasty is known for having powerful rulers that had long reigns, being a time of prosperity throughout much of the period, and being punctuated by natural disasters, invasions, and rebellions from the people which eventually brought the dynasty to its end.
Photo provided by Flickr
Imperial marks from the Qing dynasty are mostly written in either (normal script) or (archaic seal script). It is worth noticing that is and is therefore subject to the differences in penmanship and is therefore more difficult to fake, while technically is and is therefore easier to emulate. Sometimes a third style occurs, but so far only examples of the 'normal' and the 'seal script' versions are shown below.
The Rise and Fall of the Ming and Qing Dynasty - Timetoast
Photo provided by Flickr
The Kangxi Emperors name was or , in Manchu. He was born May 4, 1654 as the son of the late Emperor , who died in his early twenties and his mother, the 14 year old Imperial Consort , a concubine from the clan (1640 - 1663). He was the second emperor of the Qing dynasty to rule over all of China. His reign lasted 61 years, from February 7, 1661 until his death December 20, 1722, making him the longest-reigning Emperor of China in history. The Kangxi era, that is counted as full Chinese years, lasted from February 18, 1662 to February 4, 1723.
History of the Ming dynasty - Wikipedia
The Chinese empire was conquered by about 120,000 Manchus. They had the strengths of discipline, unity, military readiness and brilliant strategy, but the decline of the Ming dynasty was just as important to their success. The Ming's glory had diminished to near collapse in the space of a few decades, and at the beginning of the seventeenth century the dynasty faced threats from barbarians on all sides, political in-fighting, rebellion throughout the country, and low levels of morale and loyalty in the military.
Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors - Friesian School
During Emperor Xianfeng’s reign of the Qing Dynasty from 1850 to 1861, the empire began to go into decline. Although the Taiping Rebellion began during the previous emperor’s reign, the bulk of it occurred during Emperor Xianfeng’s rule. The Taiping military captured the city of Nanjing in 1853 and there were fears that it would take Beijing next. However, that did not happen. Rebellions and protests plagued Xianfeng’s entire time as emperor and millions of people died as a result. He also had the problem of the French and British trying to expand their empires into China. The Second Opium War occurred during his rule and the British and French repeatedly requested to meet with Emperor Xianfeng, but they were denied. Xianfeng died in 1861, due in part to living a life full of overindulging.
The Manchu and the Qing dynasty - Chinese Revolution
One of the last emperors of the Qing Dynasty – Emperor Guangxu – was the grandson of Emperor Daoguang. He tried many progressive ideas to try to save the dying empire during his reign that lasted from 1875 until 1908. One of his main initiatives was the Hundred Days’ Reform, which was a movement in the spring of 1898 aimed at making big changes in the social and institutional structure of the empire. Some of the goals of this movement included using the idea of capitalism to strengthen the nation’s economy, employing measures to strengthen the military, and changing the government into a constitutional monarchy with democracy.