Costs of the Death Penalty | Death Penalty Information Center

The Delaware Supreme Court ruled the state's death penalty law is unconstitutional. The top court said the capital punishment statute violates the U.S. Constitution by giving judges, and not juries, the final say to impose a death sentence.

Here is where the arguments of death penalty opponents are condemned to failure.

Other Offenses Resulting in Death.
A person who commits arson, breaches a dike, causes explosion, spreads poisonous, radioactive substances or infectious pathogens and causes the death of another person is punishable by death. Violently or forcefully hijacking an aircraft, causing the death of another person, is a death-eligible crime. Producing or selling tainted food or fake medicine is punishable by death when the criminal act results in death. A person who causes the death of another person by intentionally inflicting injury is subject to the death penalty. Causing death from raping a woman or having a sexual intercourse with a girl under the age of 14 is a crime punishable by death. A person who causes the death of another person who is forced to engage in prostitution is subject to the death penalty. Abducting someone for extortion or holding someone hostage, thereby killing or causing the death of the victim, is punishable by death. A person who causes the death of an abducted woman or a child or his or her relatives is punishable by death, if the circumstances are “especially serious.” Causing the death of another person in the course of robbery is punishable by death. Causing the death of commanders or military personnel with violence or intimidation, particularly during wartime, is a death-eligible crime.


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Adultery.
Zina carries the death penalty as hadd for married persons (and lashing for unmarried persons), under demanding evidentiary showings. Under traditional rules (discussed in the preceding questions and their Comments), execution of a death sentence for adultery might be unlikely.


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Military Offenses Not Resulting in Death.
Offenses such as treason and disloyalty are punished severely; other offenses would seem not to carry the death penalty (except when falling under the jurisdiction of a Sharia court, which might apply the death penalty). We did not find any recent statutory law or description of the punishment of offenses by military personnel.

U.S. to Seek Death Penalty More Often for Violent Crimes

Other Offenses Resulting in Death.
Killing without intent may be punishable by death as hadd, but probably not as qisas. The penalty may apply to all participants in an armed robbery resulting in death, regardless of individual cause or intent.

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Consensual Sexual Relations Between Adults of Same Sex.
Judges reportedly treat gay and lesbian sexual relations as zina, applying the penalty of death or lashing according to the circumstances. The schools of Sunni Islam take different positions on the treatment of homosexual and lesbian acts. The Hanbali school treated male sodomy as carrying the penalty of death as hadd, regardless of the marital status of the offender, while lesbianism was punished (under all schools) as a ta’zir offense. In this regard, Saudi jurisprudence is heterodox in that it treats lesbianism as punishable as hadd. The evidentiary requirements for inflicting a hadd penalty are demanding—for further explanation, see our comments.

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Apostasy.
In Saudi Arabia, individuals can be and have been sentenced to death and executed for apostasy. Although there is no contemporary consensus on the treatment of apostasy, it is punishable by death in Saudi Arabia. The death penalty for apostasy may be ta’zir, as the Hanbali school does not consider apostasy to carry a hadd punishment, while still allowing for the death penalty. Traditionally, apostates are afforded a period of time to turn back to Islam, but the death penalty still applies under this rule (in jurisdictions that provide for it)—an individual who persists in his opinion will be executed, thus, there is ultimately no freedom to publically adhere to a divergent opinion without being executed.

OMEGA - Journal of Death and Dying: SAGE Journals

Adultery.
Zina carries the death penalty as hadd for married persons (and lashing for unmarried persons), under demanding evidentiary showings. For a fuller explanation, see our comments.