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The turbulent career of Bendix also included extensive conducting. He conducted the St. Louis World's Fair orchestra in 1904. Bendix became Concertmaster of the Metropolitan Opera Orchestra in the 1904 -1905 season under . Max Bendix also conducted at the Metropolitan Opera starting in 1905. In 1907, in yet another shift, Bendix went to the rival Manhattan Opera Company as Concertmaster and assistant conductor, under the Music Director Cleofonte Campanini (1860-1919), where he conducted the Sunday night orchestral concerts. Max Bendix also conducted an orchestra briefly in San Francisco. At the end of the San Francisco Symphony 1918-1919 season under Music Director Alfred Hertz, there was reported dissention by some San Francisco Symphony musicians, who organized the 'People's Philharmonic Orchestra' 70. They invited Nikolai Sokoloff (1886-1965) to be their conductor. This group played during the summer of 1919, but meanwhile, the San Francisco Orchestra directors raised money and hired new musicians to replace the defectors. The People's Philharmonic Orchestra tried to continue with Max Bendix as their conductor, presenting popular concerts in San Francisco, but eventually failed 70. Max Bendix died in Chicago December 6, 1945, age 79 after an eventful career, having played a pioneering role in the development and expansion of US orchestras.

Town of Manchester, Connecticut

Hugo Kolberg was born in Warsaw, Poland on August 29, 1898. As a youth, Kolberg was a violin prodigy, beginning studies at age 5, and playing as a child for the King Alfonso XIII of Spain 75. Kolberg was later a student of Bronislaw Huberman76. In 1921, age only 19, Hugo Kolberg became Concertmaster of the Oslo Philharmonic. He then was Concertmaster of Paris and Copenhagen orchestras. In about 1931, Hugo Kolberg was appointed Concertmaster of the Berlin Philharmonic, alternating as Concertmaster with the great Szymon Goldberg (1909-1993). In 1934, after being Concertmaster for five seasons, Szymon Goldberg resigned from the Berlin Philharmonic in part due to Nazi pressure, and ironically Hugo Kolberg, not Jewish but married to a Jewish wife, was appointed sole Concertmaster. With the ascension of the Nazi government, political control became more and more dominant in the policies of the Berlin Philharmonic. Consequently, Hugo Kolberg and his wife Rosa left Germany and relocated to England in 1938. Kolberg then came to the U.S. in January, 1939. Hugo Kolberg became Concertmaster of the Pittsburg Symphony under Fritz Reiner in the 1940-1941 season. Fritz Reiner, always demanding was said to have had a particular appreciation for the musicianship of Kohlberg. The next year, Kohlberg was Concertmaster of the Cleveland Orchestra for one season 1941-1942, the last full Cleveland season Artur Rodzinski, who departed for New York in December, 1942. Kohlberg reportedly left Cleveland following a salary dispute 77. Hugo Kolberg was replaced at Cleveland the next season by another former Berlin Philharmonic Concertmaster (1925-1926) under Wilhelm Furtwängler, . During the next two seasons, 1942-1944, Hugo Kolberg was Concertmaster of the Orchestra of the Metropolitan Opera. It is said that his recommendation came from Fritz Reiner. Hugo Kolberg then returned to the Pittsburgh Symphony as Concertmaster under Reiner for three seasons, 1946-1949. Kolberg was later Concertmaster of the Lyric Theatre of Chicago (The Chicago Opera). After 35 years as a concertmaster of leading orchestras in Europe and the U.S., Hugo Kolberg retired and devoted his activities to teaching. In the 1950s, Kohlberg was head of the violin department at the Chicago Musical College 76. His teaching continued until 18 months prior to his death, when Kolberg was teaching at Juniata College in central Pennsylvania, and making solo appearances with local orchestras 75. Hugo Kolberg died in Hempstead, Long Island, New York on February 27, 1979, age 80.


As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 58,241

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Nahan Franko was born in New Orleans July 23, 1861 into a large musical family (11 children). His family lost all during the Civil War, the father, Hamman Franko being an ardent Confederate supporter. Hamman Franco and his wife Helene Bergman Franko were German Jews who emigrated to Texas. The original family name for Hamman Franco, a jeweler, was Hollander, a leading German Jewish family which also produced a number of musicians. In 1864, following the occupation of New Orleans by Union forces, and Hamman's finances being threatened, the Franko family relocated to Germany, Nahan Franko and his brother Sam Franko (1857-1937) studied with Heinrich Karl Hermann de Ahna (1835-1892) in Berlin - probably at the Berlin Akademische Hochschule für Musik where de Ahna taught under Joseph Joachim (1831-1907) direction. Nahan's sister, Jeanne, was a pianist. The Franko family returned to New York in 1869. Later, both Nahan and Sam Franko returned to Berlin for further study with Joachim and August Wilhelmj (1845-1908). Nahan Frank began as Concertmaster of the Metropolitan Opera Orchestra, according to Heiles 7 probably in 1883. He of course did not play at the MET when it was closed 1897 - 1898. Also, he did not play there in the 1904 - 1905 season after a disagreement with the conductor of the German repertoire Alfred Hertz (Hertz was later the conductor of the San Francisco Symphony). As was the practice of that era when musicians sought constant work, Nahan Franko also seems to have at least sometimes acted as Concertmaster of the New York Symphony during this MET period. Franko conducted more than 100 performances of the Metropolitan Opera in the first decade of the 1900s, including the series of Sunday evening orchestral concerts. During the 1910s and 1920s, Nahan Franko also lead the 'Franko Orchestra' at concerts and social occasions. Nahan Franko died in Amityville, New York on June 7, 1930 subsequent to a stroke.