Give specific training to police to improve their capacity to implement community policing. In addition to basic training related to gender-based violence and survivor-centred responses, topics should include community policing concepts, address attitudes and myths related to survivors (key to improving effective victim identification and engagement), and specifically develop personnel skills in communication, collaborative problem-solving and cooperation. These skills are essential for working in partnership with community members, government and local organizations with experience addressing the issue, and can strengthen police interventions (U.S. Department of Justice, b).
Placing plain-clothed officers within communities, who may be more approachable and reduce attention to women and girls who may seek support or assistance from police.
Fear of Crime - Community Safety, Crime Prevention & Policing
For police officers, the main implication of this research isthat although improved street lighting might displace crime into nearbyneighborhoods, it is just as likely to reduce crime in these neighborhoodsbecause of a diffusion of benefits.
Improving Street Lighting to Reduce Crime in Residential Areas
Some of the effects identified by Pease are more plausiblethan others, but his lists can help you in two main ways: (1) they alert you tothe fact that improved lighting might not always lead just to reductions innighttime crime, but can sometimes have other results as well and (2) theyalert you to possible arguments that might be used by the supporters andopponents of improved lighting.
Community Policing - Tigard, OR
This means that studies should clearly describe the natureand intensity of the improvements in lighting, the general neighborhoodconditions, and any other contemporaneous crime prevention measures. Indeed, aconsistent finding of problem-oriented policing projects is that a smart mix ofresponses, tailored to the situation, produces the best results.
Community Policing / Crime Prevention ..
218 FAIRNESS AND EFFECTIVENESS IN POLICINGand availability, access to guns, and alcohol consumption. Private citizenscan increase or decrease their risk of victimization by the precautions theychoose to adopt and their daily routines and lifestyles. The police are butone part of the formal and informal mechanisms in place to reduce crime,disorder, and fear of crime, and there is no definitive evidence of the relativesize of the role they play. Moreover there are significant measures of police work that are nottreated fully in this chapter. A vitally important concern since the inceptionof modern policing has been public acceptance of police use of authority aslegitimate (Miller, 1977). We examine what is known about the specificrelationship between legitimacy and outcome measures, but the broaderproblem of the legitimacy of police practices is examined in Chapters 7 and8. Many other measures of police effectiveness have yet to receive sustainedresearch attention. For example, there has been little or no research on thequality of police as first responders to emergency calls. Do the police pro-vide appropriate medical attention? Do the police calm victims and providesolace? Do the police provide relevant, accurate, and useful information tovictims and witnesses? Similarly, there has been little research on the ser-vices provided in police-initiated stops of citizens. Are citizens treated po-litely? Are the citizens informed as to the nature of the stop? How intrusiveand inconvenient are the stops? And surprisingly, there is also little researchon how the police contribute to criminal justice; are police actions just inboth outcome and process? These and other understudied police activitieswarrant serious and sustained research. In this chapter we review a large of body of research on police using avery specific criterion: How effective are police strategies at reducing crime,disorder, and fear of crime? We begin by discussing how the evidence wasevaluated and assessed by the committee. What criteria did we use for dis-tinguishing the value of studies for coming to conclusions about the effec-tiveness of police practices? How did we decide when the evidence waspersuasive enough to draw more general statements about specific programsor strategies? We then turn to a series of propositions concerning specificpolice practices that can be drawn directly from the research literature. Ourapproach here is to identify what existing studies say about the effects ofcore police practices. Having summarized the research literature in this way,we conclude the chapter with a more general synthesis of the evidence re-viewed. Are there more general conclusions that can be reached regardingwhat works in policing from the specific research we review? Are theresuggestive patterns that can lead us to identify new and promising direc-tions, even if the present research does not directly test these practices?
Center for Problem-Oriented Policing | Home
A recent authoritative review, which used a well-establishedmethodology to combine the results of all the studies from the United States and the United Kingdom, concluded that improved street lighting led to a "21 percentdecrease in crime compared with comparable control areas."Reductions in crime of this amount are worthwhile but, of course, there is noguarantee that better lighting will reduce crime in your neighborhood.