There is certainly evidence to support both perspectives.

Thus, the final agreements, both bilateral between East and West Germany and multilateral between the other actors, recognized that the territory of East Germany would become a part of NATO. In return, the West agreed to a lenient timeline for the removal of Soviet forces and provided billions of dollars in aid to help redeploy and resettle these troops in Russia.

He was also alarmed by plans in Washington for the immediate partial demobilization of the U.S.

NATO began evaluating candidates for military and political readiness. In addition to having significant military forces to contribute to NATO’s collective defense mission, NATO leaders looked for civilian control of the military, stable domestic political processes, and peaceful resolution of ethnic and national disputes.


This is the only language they understand and respect."

They have chickens in the coop and cattle on the hoof -- that's their supply system.

Lastly and much to Truman's delight, none of these nations of western Europe faced a serious threat of communist takeover for the duration of the Cold War.


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And the fall of () in 2014 and the outbreak of fighting in between Ukrainian forces and Russian separatists sparks a rapid rise in tensions between Russia and NATO.

de Huszar, introduction by Friedrich A.

Many observers have noted a return to some of the conditions of that defined international politics between 1945 and 1991. Some have even proclaimed the start of a Cold War between East and West. A few believe the new tensions may lead beyond a new Cold War, to a new world war.

Hayden Boyers, ed.Introduction by Dean Russell

NATO’s secretary general, Jens Stoltenberg (), described the proposed expansion of NATO forces in Europe as “multinational, to make clear that an attack against one ally is an attack against all allies, and that the alliance as a whole will respond.”

In a letter to his wife of September 14, 1945, he said:

Army had just completed the destruction of Europe and had set up a government of military occupation amid the ruins to rule the starving Germans and deal out victors' justice to the vanquished.

It is not cricket and is Semitic.

The blame for these tensions is difficult to assign. Some point to Russia for reacting to the fall of its ally Yanukovich in by sparking a civil war in eastern Ukraine, designed to weaken the new Western-leaning government of Petro Poroshenko () and pull Ukraine back firmly into the Russian orbit.

In another letter to his wife he commented:

Others blame the United States and NATO for sparking the popular uprising in Ukraine that brought down Yanukovich, thus undermining Russia and its president, ()