The Civil War left American with a legend and a haunting memory. These had to do less with things that remained than with the things that had been lost. What had been won would not be entirely visible for many years to come, and most people had been lost could not be forgotten. The men who had marched gaily off in new uniforms and who had not come back: the dreams that had wrecked, the countryside it had scarred, the whole network of habits and hopes and attitudes of mind it had ground to fragments — these were remembered with proud devotion by a nation which had paid an unimaginable price for an experience compounded of suffering and loss and ending in stunned bewilderment. (States, p.153)
However, what brought about civil war was the split in the ranks of the IRA. From February 1922, Collins began building a new National Army from pro-Treaty IRA units. In March 1922 the IRA called a convention and the majority repudiated the right of the Dail to dissolve the Republic. The two sides almost came to blows over who would occupy Limerick. In April a hardline anti-Treaty IRA group under Rory O’Connor occupied the Four Courts, the centre of the courts system in Dublin, in defiance of the Provisional Government and the Treaty. Michael Collins managed to avert bloodshed in the short term by organising a pact with Eamon de Valera to re-unite Sinn Fein and a similar initiative with the anti-Treaty IRA, which proposed joint operations against Northern Ireland.
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Long ignored by most historians and documentaryfilm makers, California's contributions and sacrifices, both inmen and materiel, deserve a national audience, While a few Americansmight know that shipments of gold from California helped keepthe Union solvent during the Civil War, almost no one know thatCalifornia had more volunteers per capita in the Union Army thanany other state.
Less than 40 years after the Civil War, General John G
At the same time, the end of the Civil War meant a great deal more than even the settlement of these issues. At long last the energies of the American people were free to resume the tremendous task of building up a nation without being diverted by the fatal pull of North and South. The historic march across the continent was now to receive a fresh impetus in the northern states as thousands of settlers poured into the new West that lay beyond the Missouri; while even more importantly, the growth of manufactures in the northern states launched industrial production on a period of phenomenal expansion. An economic revolution already getting slowly underway was immensely accelerated by the profligate exploitation of the country’s apparently limitless natural resources, the building of a vast railroad network stretching from coast to coast, and the rapid development of banking trade and commerce. (Crisis, p. 173)