#3 Organic Weakness - Shifting and Entangling Alliances

Conclusions about Organic Weakness #3 - how shifting and entangling alliances led to war: The consequence of these alliances was the division of two divided and armed camps that existed in Europe by 1914. Thus, one offense against any Euroean nations might ultimately draw in that nation's ally, and that ally's ally, or allies. The alliances gave smaller powers - like those in the Balkans - an opportunity to begin a crisis that could become a world war.

This scramble for empire created competition among various imperial empires. By 1900:

Goal #1: To understand the of Europe in the 19th Century and how five organic weaknesses in Europe led to the first large-scale global war - World War I


#4 Organic Weakness - An Unrestrained Press

At the time war broke out, at least four major areas of historical friction existed in Europe:

So, think about these ideas - the romance and glamour of war, why it might be good for the U.S. economically, and how the war might involve us in a new discussion of freedom - as our discussion proceeds.


Annual Causes of Death in the United States | Drug War Facts

The frictions caused by the first four organic weaknesses contributed to excessive and blind patriotism. This led to unrestrained nationalist impulses in which one nation or empire glorified its existence among all others. This was especially evident in the Balkans where Croatia, Bulgaria, Serbia, and Bosnia had been sovereign nations during their early histories. However, by the end of the 19th Century, each had been integrated into a larger empire and had lost its sovereignty.

Undernutrition at different ages

Conclusions about Organic Weakness #4 - how an unrestrained press led to war: A European and American press more concerned with sellling newspapers than with telling the impartial story of the grievances and shifting alliances brought about by imperialism added to the already fragile environment in Europe in 1914. Consequently, the unrestrained presses of Europe helped to publicize the final organic weakness - unrestrained nationalism.

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"Our business is to get an audience. Whatever else it is, our newspaper must be excessively interesting, not to the good, wise men and pure in spirit, but to the great mass of sordid, squalid humanity. Humanity is vulgar, so we must be vulgar. It is coarse, so we must not be refined. It is passionate; therefore the blood that flows through our newspapers must be warm."

Black Death - New World Encyclopedia

Thus, by 1907, Europe was divided into two hostile camps: the Central Powers of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy, and the Allies, or the Triple Entente, of Britain, France, and Russia.