Peirce's accounts of his third type of deviance from perfectcertitude, namely plausibility, are much sketchier than his accountsof probability and verisimilitude. Unlike the other two forms ofuncertainty, which can be spelled out mathematically with greatprecision, plausibility seems to be capable of only a qualitativeaccount, even though plausibility does seem to comes in greater andlesser degree. The question of the plausibility of a claim arises,apparently, only in contexts in which one is seeking to adduce anexplanatory hypothesis for some actual fact that is surprising. Thekey point is that the hypothesis must be plausible in order to takenseriously. If we were, for example, to come upon a lump of ice in themiddle of a desert, we might plausibly say that perhaps someone put itthere, or perhaps a freak storm had left a great hailstone. But wewould not plausibly say that it had been thrown off a flying saucerthat previously had swooped through. It should be obvious that thenotion of plausibility is a difficult one, which strongly invitesfurther analysis but which is not easy to analyze in technicaldetail.
The heart of both sets of ideas is the notion of clustering items bysimilarity. The algorithms for clustering into formal concepts are thesame as the algorithms for preliminary groupings by similarity for thepurpose of automatically generating hypotheses. As it turns out, andas Kuznetsov has shown, these algorithms are equivalent in theireffect to algorithms for finding the maximal complete subgraphs ofarbitrary graphs. This fact has proved extremely useful in recentyears, since the latter algorithms are the core of what has come to beknown as “Social Network Analysis.” And Social Network Analysis hasbecome a major intellectual tool in the world's battles againstcriminal organizations and terrorist networks. So all three sets ofideas have become matters of crucial practical importance and evenurgency in contemporary affairs.
philosophical anthropology | Definition, History, …
Peirce also made a number of remarks that suggest, in connection withthe foregoing enterprise, that he had a novel conception of thetopology of points in a continuum. All these remarks he connected withhis previous defenses of infinite sets. For these reasons some Peircescholars, and in particular the great Peirce scholar Carolyn Eisele,have suggested that his ideas were an anticipation of AbrahamRobinson's non-standard analysis of 1964. Whether this actually be soor not, however, is at the present time far from clear. Peircecertainly says many things that are quite suggestive of theconstruction of non-standard models of the theory of ordered fields bymeans of using equivalence classes of countably infinite CartesianProducts of the standard real numbers and then applying Loś'sTheorem. However, no commentator up to now has provided anything evenremotely resembling a careful and detailed exposition of Peirce'sthinking in this area. Unfortunately, most of Peirce's publishedwriting and public talks on this topic were designed for audiencesthat were extremely unsophisticated mathematically (a fact that helamented). For that reason most of what Peirce said on the topic ispicturesque and intriguing, but extremely obscure. The entire analysisof Peirce's notion of an infinitesimal, as well as the exact bearingthis notion has on his concept of a real continuum and on his idea ofthe topology of the points of a continuum, still awaits meticulousmathematical discussion.
Language and linguistics offer good research paper topics
Blending history and ethnography, this course covers politics in the Islamic world in historical and contemporary times. Topics include history of Islam, uniformity and diversity in belief and practice (global patterns, local realities), revolution and social change, women and veiling, and the international dimensions of resurgent Islam. Geographical focus extends from Morocco to Indonesia; discussion of other Muslim communities is included (Bosnia, Chechnya, sub-Saharan Africa, U.S.).
Dec 19, 2016 · It’s the study of language and how ..
Designed to introduce the student to current issues in Anthropology and to research being carried out by faculty. Topics vary each year. Each departmental member addresses issues in their particular specialty. Required of all majors; may be taken before declaring major, and may be taken by nonmajors.
topics such as linguistic anthropology, ..
This course centers on the burgeoning corpus of anthropological scholarship on reproduction, with special attention to the regulation of reproductive behaviors and population management in cross-cultural perspective. Anthropologists and feminist scholars have shown how reproduction — which links individual bodies to the body politic — is a privileged site for processes of governance. Scholars have also shown how seemingly personal reproductive choices made in the micro units of families are always bound up with broader, if obscured, economic, national and political projects. In this course, we will cover how diverse entities, including the state, the Church, NGOs and feminist groups, seek to manage reproductive behaviors and politics across the world. We will discuss population control campaigns (such as China's notorious one-child policy) and pronatalist population policies (like those seen in Israel) in order to underscore how the management of fertility becomes a crucial site for nationalist and state-building projects. In this course we examine processes of "reproductive governance" around topics including pregnancy and birth, family planning, abortion and adoption. We also examine how the global proliferation of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (such as in vitro, sonogram, abortifacient pills, amniocentesis) intersects with efforts to govern reproduction. Crucially, we take class and race as key axes through which reproduction is experienced and stratified in diverse contexts. At the end of this course students should have a solid grasp of key topics and themes in the anthropology of reproductive governance, as well as more in-depth knowledge of a particular controversial reproductive issue that they choose to focus on for their final research paper.