(1964)-- This is the case that established the so-called "New York Times actual malice" standard in the United States. In the opening volleys of the civil rights movement, The New York Times published an advertisement that described oppressive conditions in Montgomery, Ala. It contained some false statements, most of which were incidental. The Montgomery police commissioner at the time, L.B. Sullivan, sued for libel, demanding a retraction on the grounds that it damaged his reputation as a police official. The item above links to the Supreme Court's decision, which in a nutshell noted that to protect healthy public debate under the First Amendment, a public official had to prove that defamatory language was, in the words of Middleton and Lee, "published with knowing falsity or reckless disregard for the truth."
,387 US 1 (1967)-The US Supreme Court in this case established that juveniles haveseveral rights that adults have. 1) Due process requires adequate and timelynotice. 2) There is right to counsel. 3) The privilege against selfincrimination applies. 4) The juvenile has a right to a hearing with sworntestimony subject to the opportunity for cross-examination.
Quick: Can you name the most important Supreme Court cases in U.S
The justices usually only take on cases involving significant legal principles or cases in which lower courts have disagreed about the interpretation of federal laws. Most of the court’s cases come to it on appeal from lower federal courts and state courts; however, the Supreme Court has original jurisdiction (the right to hear a case for the first time, before any appellate review) in a few instances, such as cases involving ambassadors or disputes between two or more states. Because the justices primarily hear cases on appeal, it’s uncommon for witnesses or evidence to be presented in court. Instead, attorneys submit written legal arguments (briefs) in advance and justices typically listen to oral arguments, in which each side has 30 minutes to make a presentation, during which the justices can ask questions. (The courtroom is open to the public during oral arguments, which are not allowed to be televised or photographed; since 1955, the court has made audio recordings of oral arguments, which are released after the arguments are over.) The justices later meet in private to discuss and vote on each case. In the event of a tie vote, the decision of the lower court is upheld.