Alcoholism also causes loss of and depression.

The regressions that include only the sparse set of covariates (cols. A in Table 2) provide an estimate of what we term the total effect of alcoholism on labor market

The second effects caused by alcoholism are psychological.


In conclusion, the effects of alcoholism which are physical, psychological, and economic can cause many problems that affect your life in all aspects.


The third effects of alcoholism are economic.

Children living with a non-recovering alcoholic score lower on measures of family cohesion, intellectual-cultural orientation, active-recreational orientation, and independence.


The mental effects of alcoholism vary from person to person, ..

Secondary effects of FAS among adolescents and adults include mental health problems, disrupted schooling (dropping out or being suspended or expelled), trouble with the law, dependent living as an adult, and problems with employment.

Cause and Effect Essay on Alcoholism - Custom Writing S

These adverse effects probably include increased risks of: motor vehicle crashes, the development of cannabis dependence, impaired respiratory function, cardiovascular disease, psychotic symptoms, and adverse outcomes of adolescent development, namely, poorer educational outcomes and an increased likelihood of using other illicit drugs.

Had to drink more and more to feel the effects of the alcohol?

Another cloudy area is the causal path by which alcoholism affects an individual's la- bor market outcomes. Early onset of alco- holism may retard educational achievement (see our 1989 and 1990b articles) and affect marital history. Current alcoholism could affect labor supply decisions (by changing the value of time at home vs. in the market), wage rates (by affecting occupational choice and reliability of the worker), nonwage in- come (by affecting marital status, spouse's labor supply decisions and/or transfer pay- ments), and accumulated wealth (by influ- encing savings rates, past wage rates and labor supply, earned pension rights, etc.). Thus alcoholism could have direct effects on earnings as well as indirect ones. While we can specify neither the causal relationships nor their lifetime paths, it is important to keep these in mind when viewing and inter- preting the data.

Alcoholism: Causes, Risk Factors, and Symptoms

We use as our definition of alcoholism whether the individual has ever met the criteria for alcohol dependence or abuse (see our 1990c paper for a discussion of the measurement of alcoholism). We refer to this as ALCEVER. We focus on ALCEVER as it is more likely to be exogenous to current behavior than is whether the person is currently manifesting symptoms. We treat ALCEVER as an exogenous variable be- cause this is consistent with the disease per- spective of alcoholism, and because it is econometrically necessary as there are no reasonable instrumental variables in the data set. This is also in keeping with the standard practice of treating health as an exogenous variable in labor market regres- sions.

The Effects of Alcoholism :: essays research papers

Alcoholism appears to affect women somewhat differently than it affects men. For example, the percentage difference in household income by alcoholic status is big- ger for women than for men. Further, alco- holic women are more likely than alcoholic men to never marry, have fewer children, and have more psychiatric disorders.