This results in a tragic disease known as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.

More specifically AUD is defined as, “medical conditions that doctors can diagnose when a patient’s drinking causes distress or harm (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 2007).” When the reliance or use of alcohol interferes with daily functioning, or causes greater harm to the one’s self, it can then be looked at...

Few people with not too stern alcohol problems are powerful to handle it themselves....

In the United States each year roughly 13,400 people die and an additional 255,500 are injured in motor vehicle crashes involving an alcohol-impaired driver according to Burris et al., 2011.


to the fetus occurs over a wide and diverse continuum.

The risk for developing alcoholism is influenced by both a person’s genes and their lifestyle.

A person becomes addicted to alcohol when they “drink excessively and develops a dependence that results in noticeable mental disturbance, or an interference with bodily and mental health, their interpersonal relations, and their smooth social and economic functioning” (Calahan, 1970, pp....


What effect does alcohol have on a fetus

Drinking massive amounts of alcohol has numerous negative effects on the human body like, headaches, distorted vision and hearing, alcohol poisoning, high blood pressure, liver disease, and nerve damage, “alcohol leads to addiction and can put people at a higher risk of over 200 disorders like tuberculosis and pneumonia” (TIME 1).

alcohol during pregnancy - WebMD

The first ever known record of organised alcohol manufacture dates to approximately ten thousand years, where the drink was produced from fermented honey, also known as mead....

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder - Wikipedia

In 2008 a survey on the students views on alcohol was conducted in the Atlanta Public School System of 4,241 students surveyed results showed 74% of sixth graders felt there was a health risk while 25% felt there was no health risk; 81% of eighth graders felt there was a health risk, while 19% felt there was none; 82% of tenth graders felt there was a health risk, while 18% felt there was none, and 84% o...

Alcohol can pass from the mother's blood into the baby's blood

This diagnosis is based on the apparent increasing tolerance withdrawal symptoms, continued and increased use of alcohol despite the damage to social relationships and work performance.

CDC - Frequently Asked Questions - Alcohol

Another distinctive feature of the primate placenta is that it can actively transfer maternal antibodies to the fetus. All mammalian mothers provide protective antibodies to their offspring, but many animals such as cows, horses, and pigs deliver these antibodies largely after birth in breast milk. In contrast, the placenta of higher primates expresses a receptor for immunoglobulin of the G subtype (IgG), the mother’s memory antibody against viruses and bacteria to which she has been exposed. The placenta binds IgG antibodies circulating in the maternal bloodstream and transfers them to the fetus, typically at an accelerated pace during the final weeks of pregnancy. When our research group quantified maternal antibody levels in the blood of newborn rhesus monkeys and chimpanzees, we found them to be equivalent to that of an adult.3 In humans, this placental IgG transfer is even more active: infants are usually born with concentrations of blood antibody that are twice that of their mothers. These prenatally acquired antibodies provide the infant with three to six months of immune protection after delivery, eliminating the immediate need for the infant to generate new antibodies.