On numerous occasions various gods are shown not bothering to do the things which are basically their job to do until somebody bribes them with the promise of an expensive offering.
During the night the dead are taken off the field of battle. Nestor builds a ditch and a wooden wall before the Greek fleet at the beachhead. The next day the battle re-engages and the Trojans overrun the Greeks, with Nestor surrounded, but Diomed rescues him, with many Trojans killed. The Trojans beg the gods to take Diomed out of the battle. At nightfall the Trojans camp in the field, the Greeks retire behind their fortifications. Agamemnon proposes that the Greek sail back to Greece, but Nestor and Diomed oppose him.
Not even the gods can rein him in.
Priam's passion moves Achilles who begins thinking about his lost friend Patroclus and his own aged father back in Greece, who will soon lose his son; and the two men weep together over their loss.
So why does Menelaus's brother think he can take Achilles's woman?
Not only does his flaw inevitably lead to a terrible but also avoidable defeat of the Trojan army at the hands of Achilles, his attempt to redeem himself ultimately leads to his death, his body is desecrated, , , and his wife becomes the of his slayer's son.
Athena is described in loving detail slipping out of her dress and...
No matter who's eating, the description of how they prepare, cook and eat the food is always more or less the same, because in the oral tradition to which the poem belonged, there was a stock description for that action.
Hector being probably the most outward example.
In Homer’s time the oral history of the Trojan War was passed down not only in Greece, but in Anatolia (Turkey). Many poetic tales were lyrically sung. Homer is known to have traveled far and wide throughout Greece and even to Troy to study the various dialects and then incorporate the oral tales into his written work. Gods and mythology were important to the Greeks and Trojans to explain events that were unexplainable, and both cultures shared the same gods, so it is conceivable that Homer naturally added the immortals into his tale as legitimate characters.
It also helps in memorizing the story.
Troy is actually made up of nine layers of different era civilizations, dating back over 5,000 years. Layer VI is thought to be the Troy of the Iliad, and possibly parts of layer VII(a), which dates around 1,200 B.C.
He's rarely mentioned again, and then only in passing.
In the Iliad Homer referred to the city as Ilion or Ilium and as Troy. Oguz, our Insight Vacation tour guide procured our entrance tickets and I noticed broken Roman era column strewn around the front gate to the actual ruins.