Aboriginals in Canada Before European Contact | O Canada

Upon arrival to North America, Europeans brought with them many foreign diseases that had a devastating effect on Aboriginal people who were neither immune to them nor knew how to cure them. Due to the underlying racial backdrop against which Aboriginal peoples lived, health care was traditionally saved for those deemed deserving of it – namely the white European settlers. Furthermore, Aboriginal medicine practices were generally regarded as inferior to the European medical practices, and were often dismissed, frowned upon or even banned.

Source: Statistics Canada. The Daily. January, 1998. 1996 Census: Aboriginal Data

In September, 1996, the federal government proclaimed Bill C-41. The Bill contained a number of provisions designed to alter the nature of the sentencing process in Canada. It also contained a statement of purposes and principles of sentencing and mandating harsher penalties for some offences. The reforms included the addition of a new sentence called a conditional sentence of imprisonment. If certain conditions are met, a Judge may, after imposing a term of imprisonment of less than two years in provincial/terrritorial facilities, may order the offender to serve the prison sentence in the community. The offender must follow a number of mandatory conditions. The conditions may include attending a treatment program or reporting to a probation officer. If the offender breaches the conditions, he/he will be returned to court for breach hearing. The purpose of this new disposition was to reduce the number of admissions to custody at the provincial/territorial level. From September, 1996 to March, 1998, 22,281 offenders began to serve a conditional term of imprisonment in the community. In 1996-97, Aboriginal offenders represented twelve per cent of the overall number of conditional sentences. The figure remained unchanged for 1997-98. (Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, 1998)


Demographic Overview of Aboriginal Peoples in Canada …

Source: Statistics Canada. The Daily. January, 1998. 1996 Census: Aboriginal Data

Like other Aboriginal languages, Inuktitut is not as strong as it was five years ago. However, its decline is not as rapid as that of many other Aboriginal languages. The census showed that in the Canadian Arctic in 1996, 82% of Inuit of all ages knew Inuktitut well enough to carry on a conversation. In 2001, the percentage remained unchanged.


Aboriginal Worldviews - Welcome - | Aboriginal …

The paternalistic views that many of the early European settlers in Canada held contributed to the foundation of misunderstanding, ignorance and racism that early white-aboriginal relations were built upon. While the white settlers tended to view Aboriginal people as inferior and savage, the Aboriginal people increasingly viewed the White people with distrust, anger, resentment and fear. Many Aboriginal people had no hope of attaining any kind of employment, so long as beliefs that Aboriginal people were inferior prevailed in society. Add to this the problems of poverty and ill health, and one can see how the prospects for Aboriginal employment in Canada were dismal.

Indigenous Peoples Internship - RBC Careers

The colonizing view that many European settlers in North America took towards Aboriginal people devastated their cultures. As early as the late 1800’s Canadian government and church bodies began removing Aboriginal children from their homes and placing them in what were referred to as Industrial Schools. These would later become known as Residential Schools. Residential schools were the most effective tool for destroying Aboriginal culture and identity, and for promoting the assimilation of Aboriginal people into mainstream Canadian society.

The Trudeau government signs on to give Aboriginals …

Approaches to Aboriginal health care are now starting to incorporate traditional healing practices. Traditional healing is "holistic" in that it does not focus on symptoms or diseases but rather deals with the total individual. Healing focuses on the person, not the illness. In his statement to the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples a non-Aboriginal doctor, David Skinner, testified that “It is our belief that because our white man’s medicine is very technical-oriented, very symptom-oriented, very drugs- and surgery-oriented, that it lacks something that Native medicine has, which we desperately need but don’t practise: spirituality….In many of these things we are talking about — family violence, alcohol abuse, trauma, suicide — I believe that the Native public health nurses, Native nurses, Native doctors would have that in their approach as well — a spiritual component.

The Beginning of the Hudson's Bay Company in Canada

All Indigenous peoples in Canada are protected by section 35 of the , which enshrines . Various and other legislation also serve to protect the special relationship between the and Indigenous peoples in Canada.